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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 20, 2017 5:58:47 PM

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Daemon wrote:
figurine

(noun) A small molded or sculptured figure; a statuette.

Synonyms: statuette

Usage: She had all the delicate grace of that Tanagra figurine that you have in your studio, Basil.


Kanji of the Day



ド ト つち tǔ


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT חֲמִשָׁה)

RADICAL 32

Strokes 3-3-0

Frequency 382

▶SOIL ▶TURKEY

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] [original meaning] soil, earth, mud, sand, clay

ⓑ earthen

ⓒ the third of the five elements: earth

土砂 dosha earth and sand っどしゃ

土壌 dojō soil, earth どじょう

土俵 dohyō sumo (wrestling) ring; sandbag どひょう

土台 dodai foundation, base, basis; utterly どだい

土木 doboku engineering works どぼく

土砂降り doshaburi pouring rain, downpour どしゃぶり

土壇場 dotanba the last moment どたんば

粘土 nendo clay ねんど

耕土 kōdo arable soil こうど

珪藻土 keisōdo diatomite, silicious marl けいそうど

アルカリ土類 arukaridorui alkaline earths あるかりどるい

土器 doki earthenware どき

土瓶 dobin earthen teapot, pipkin どびん

土用 doyō midsummer どよう

❷ⓐ land, ground, territory, country

of the land, local, native

土地 tochi land とち

国土 kokudo country, territory, realm こくど

領土 ryōdo territory, domain りょうど

本土 hondo mainland; the country proper ほんど

風土 fūdo natural features (of a region), climate ふうど

浄土真宗 jōdoshinshū Jodo Shinshu (offshoot of the Jodo sect) じょうどしんしゅうう

郷土 kyōdo one's birthplace きょうど

土俗 dozoku local customs どぞく

土着民 dochakumin natives, aborigines どちゃくみん

❸ Saturday

土曜日 doyōbi Saturday どようび

土日 donichi Saturday and Sunday, weekend どにち

④ Saturn

土星 dosei Saturn どせい

❺ abbrev. of 土佐 tosa, old name for Kochi Prefecture

土讃本線 dosan honsen Dosan Main Line (Kochi-Kagawa Railway) どさんほんせん

❻ Turkey

土国 dokoku Turkey どこく

❼ colloq emphatic prefix

土根性 dokonjō disposition どこんじょう

土真ん中 domannaka right in the center centre どまんなか

土偉い doerai immense, great; hell of a lot どえらい

INDEPENDENT

【do 土】 Saturday; land, country; the third of the five elements; earth

KUN

【tsuchi 土】

➀ⓐ soil, earth, mud, clay; ground

ⓑ mother earth

土色 tsuchiiro earth color, colour つちいろ

土壁 tsuchikabe mud wall つちかべ

越えた土 koeta tsuchi rich [fertile] soil こえたつち

土人形 tsuchiningyō statuette ...figurine つちにんぎょう



Think figurine Pray


私は遠くに彼女の土人形を見つけた Watashi wa tōku ni kanojo no tsuchi ningyō o mitsuketa I caught sight of the figurine of her delicate grace in the distance わたしはとうくにかのじょのつちにんぎょうをみつけた

盛り土 moritsuchi earth pile もりつち

土に帰る tsuchi ni kaeru return to mother earth, die つちにかえる

② sumo defeat

土付かず tsuchitsukazu clean record, no defeat つちつかず

SPECIAL READINGS

土産 miyage souvenir みやげ

SYNONYMS

ARABLE SOIL



ジョウ rǎng


MUD



デイ どろ どろ ní nì


Wednesday



スイ みず みず- shuǐ


COMPOUND FORMATION

土壇場 dotanba

土壇場 ‘the last moment’ originally deferred to a place (場) of execution where there is a mound (壇) of earth (土).

NOTE

★ do not confuse with

☪ ART RELATION ☪










Postcard photograph from John Heartfield and George Grosz to Otto Dix, Berlin, 16 June 1920
from left to right: John Heartfield, Eva Grosz, George Grosz, Otto Schmalhausen
Visual Arts Autograph Collection
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 20, 2017 5:59:13 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 22, 2017 5:31:12 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 22, 2017 5:31:31 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 22, 2017 5:31:46 PM

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Daemon wrote:
ninepin

(noun) A wooden pin used in the game of ninepins.

Synonyms: skittle

Usage: He threw the ball so hard that it knocked the ninepin into the neighbor's yard.


Kanji of the Day



ヒ こうむる おおう かぶる かぶせる bèi


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 145

Strokes 10-5-5

Frequency 782

▶BE SUBJECTED TO

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ be subjected to, undergo, suffer

ⓑ auxiliary verb for forming the passive voice similar to the English be

被害 higai damage, harm ひがい

被弾 hidan being bombed ひだん

被災 hisai suffering, affection ひさい

被傭者(=被用者) hiyōsha employee ひようしゃ

被害者 higaisha skittle...ninepin ひがいしゃ



Pray ninepin Dancing


赤十字は災害の被害者を直ちに救援する。 Sekijūji wa saigai no higaisha o tadachini kyūen suru. The Red Cross gets help to the victims who are going down like ninepins without delay. せきじゅうじはさいがいのひがいしゃをただちにきゅうえんする。

被爆者 hibakusha victim of atomic air raid ひばくしゃ

被告人 hikokunin defendant ひこくにん

被保険者 hihokensha insured person ひほけんしゃ

被選挙権 hisenkyoken eligibility for election ひせんきょけん

❷ⓐ cover, envelope; wear

ⓑ cover(ing), clothing

被覆 hifuku covering, coating ひふく

被膜 himaku tunic, capsule ひまく

被服 hifuku clothing ひふく

外被 gaihi outer cover がいひ

法被 happi (workman's) livery coat はっぴ

花被 kahi perianth, floral envelope かひ

KUN

【kōmu(ru) 被る】 [also 蒙る] be subjected to, undergo, receive, sustain

損害を被る songai o kōmuru suffer a loss そんがいをこうむる

恩恵を被る onkei o kōmuru share in the benefit おんけいをこうむる

【ō(u) 被う】 [usu. 覆う] cover, veil

被い ōi cover, mantle おおい

雪で被われる yuki de ōwareru be covered with snow ゆきでおおわれる

【kabu(ru) 被る】 put on headgear, wear; pour (as water) on oneself, be covered with; take upon oneself; photography be fogged

猫被り nekokaburi hypocrisy, false modesty; hypocrite, wolf in a lamb’s skin ねこかぶり

引っ被る hikkaburu pull (a thing) over one's head ひっかぶる

泥を被る doro o kaburu be covered with mud; take another’s fault upon oneself どろをかぶる

【kabu(seru) 被せる】 cover, put (a thing) on, plate (a thing) with, pour, dash (water) on; pin (a crime) on, frame

土を被せる tsuchi o kabuseru cover with earth つちをかぶせる

歯に金を被せる ha ni kin o kabuseru crown a tooth with gold はにきんをかぶせる

押っ被せる okkabuseru put a thing on top of another おっかぶせる

SYNONYMS

WRAP



ホウ つつむ bāo


put on footwear



はく


be subjected to



ジュ うける -うけ うかる shòu


USAGE

kōmuru

被る

[also 蒙る] be subjected to, undergo, receive, sustain

蒙る

[also 被る] same as 被る

HOMOPHONES

kōmuru ➳ 

ōu ➳ 覆 蓋 掩 蔽

❦ ART RELATION ❦










Hans Richter, Portrait visionnaire de Emmy Hennings, 1917
38.5 X 55, collection particulière
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:27 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:42 PM

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Daemon wrote:
buffoon

(noun) A person given to clowning and joking.

Synonyms: merry andrew, clown, goof, goofball

Usage: At a country fair there was a buffoon who made all the people laugh by imitating the cries of various animals.


Kanji of the Day



シャ もの zhě


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT אַרְבָּעָה)

RADICAL 125

Strokes 8-4-4

Frequency 26

▶PERSON

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ person

ⓑ person concerned, party

弱者 jakusha weak person, the weak じゃくしゃ

死者 shisha dead person, the deceased ししゃ

三者会談 sansha-kaidan tripartite conference さんしゃかいだん

第三者 daisansha third party だいさんしゃ

❷ [also suffix] person [one] who performs an action or holds an occupation: -er (as in reader)

読者 dokusha reader, subscriber どくしゃ

学者 gakusha scholar, learned man がくしゃ

記者 kisha journalist, reporter; editor きしゃ

著者 chosha author, writer ちょしゃ

医者 isha doctor いしゃ

打者 dasha batter, hitter だしゃ

賛成者 sanseisha approver, supporter さんせいしゃ

被爆者 hibakusha victim of atomic air raid ひばくしゃ

科学者 kagakusha scientist かがくしゃ

❸ used to designate a thing or person

前者 zensha the former ぜんしゃ

後者 kōsha the latter こうしゃ

両者 ryōsha both りょうしゃ

歩行者天国 hokōshatengoku...pedestrian mall, car-free mall, pedestrian paradise ほこうしゃてんごく

KUN

【mono 者】 person, fellow, somebody

若者 wakamono young person [fellow], youth わかもの

怠け者 namakemono idle [lazy] fellow なまけもの

悪者 warumono bad fellow, ruffian わるもの

道化者 dōkemono goofball, goof, clown, merry andrew, buffoon どうけもの



Dancing buffoon Boo hoo!


サーカスの道化者は子供たちを楽しませた。 Sākasu no dōkemono wa kodomo-tachi o tanoshima seta. The buffoon at the circus pleased my children. さあかすのどうけものはこどもたちをたのしませた。

SPECIAL READINGS

猛者 mosa stalwart; veteran もさ

SYNONYMS

(unmarried) female worker



ジョウ niáng


PROFESSION SUFFIX



シ shì


workman



コウ ク グ gōng


HOMOPHONES

mono ➳ 

۩ ART RELATION ۩










Clown by Hannah Höch, 1924, Photocollage of halftone elements, 1924
Initialed in ink on the recto; credit, title and notations in pencil on the reverse of the mount., 5 x 3in. (12.7 x 9.5cm.) Framed.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:57 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:17 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:37 PM

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Daemon wrote:
prejudicious

(adjective) Causing harm or injury.

Synonyms: damaging, detrimental, prejudicial

Usage: The reporter's coverage resulted in prejudicious publicity for the defendant.


Kanji of the Day



ガイ hài


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 40

Strokes 10-3-7

Frequency 376

▶HARM

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ harm, evil, ill effect

ⓑ harm, injure, damage

害毒 gaidoku harm, evil, evil influence がいどく

被害 higai damage, harm はいがい

弊害 heigai civil, abuse, vice へいがい

有害な yūgai na harmful, pernicious, noxious ゆうがいな

有害的 yūgaiteki prejudicial, detrimental, damaging, prejudicious ゆうがいてき



Drool prejudicious Whistle


国民に関する固定観念がどれほど有害的かを理解するには、少数の外国人と親しくなるだけで十分だ。 Kokumin ni kansuru kotei kan'nen ga dorehodo yūgai-teki ka o rikai suru ni wa, shōsū no gaikoku hito to shitashiku naru dakede jūbunda. You only have to make a few foreign friends to understand how prejudicious national stereotypes are. こくみんにかんするこていかんねんがどれほどゆうがいてきかをりかいするにわ、しょうすうのがいこくひととしたしくなるだけでじゅうぶんだ。

害虫 gaichū harmful insect がいちゅう

傷害 shōgai injury, bodily, harm しょうがい

侵害 shingai infringement, violation しんがい

❷ damage; pollution

公害 kōgai environmental pollution こうがい

災害 saigai calamity, disaster, accident さいがい

損害 songai damage, harm そんがい

冷害 reigai damage from cold weather れいがい

損害保険 songaihoken...damage insurance そんがいほけん

水害 suigai flood damage すいがい

❸ [formerly also 碍] [original meaning] stand in the way, hinder, obstruct, interfere with

障害 shōgai obstacle, hindrance; (physical) disorder しょうがい

妨害する bōgai suru disturb, hinder, obstruct, hamper, impede, interfere ぼうがいする

阻害する sogai suru obstruct, check, impede, hinder そがいする

④ kill

殺害する satsugai (=setsugai) suru murder, kill, assassinate さつがいする

自害 jigai suicide じがい

❺ vital point

要害 yōgai stronghold, strategic position ようがい

INDEPENDENT

【gai 害】 harm, evil, ill effect; damage

飲酒の害 inshu no gai ill effects of drinking いんしゅのがい

【gaisuru 害する】 harm, injure, damage

SYNONYMS

WOUND



ショウ きず いたむ いためる shāng


hinder



ショウ さわる zhàng


INTERRUPT



シャ さえぎる zhē


HOMOPHONES

gai ➳ 

✺ ART RELATION ✺










Max Ernst, Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale, 1924
Oil on wood with painted wood elements and frame, 27 ½ x 22 ½ x 4 ½" (69.8 x 57.1 x 11.4 cm)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:58 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:08 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:23 PM

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Daemon wrote:
connoisseur

(noun) A person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts.

Synonyms: cognoscente

Usage: I brought the painting to the world's best art connoisseurs, and they all agreed that it was an authentic Picasso and would fetch millions at auction.


Kanji of the Day



シキ shí zhì


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 149

Strokes 19-7-12

Frequency 591

▶DISCRIMINATE ▶KNOWLEDGE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ discriminate, discern, recognize

power of discrimination, discernment

Buddhism consciousness

識別する shikibetsu suru discriminate, discern, recognize しきべつする

認識 ninshiki cognition, perception; understanding にんしき

鑑識する kanshiki suru identify, judge; discern かんしきする

鑑識家 kanshikika cognoscente...connoisseur かんしきか



Liar connoisseur Not talking


彼は鑑識家に慈悲を求めた。 Kare wa kanshikika ni jihi o motometa. He begged the connoisseur for mercy. かれはかんしきかにじひをもとめた。

眼識 ganshiki insight, discrimination がんしき

意識する ishiki suru be conscious of, be aware of いしきする

六識 rokushiki six consciousnesses ろくしき

❷ (acquired) knowledge, sense, wisdom, learning

識見 shikiken knowledge, judgment, discernment しきけん

知識 chishiki knowledge ちしき

常識 jōshiki common sense, common knowledge じょうしき

良識 ryōshiki good sense りょうしき

有識者 yūshikisha learned [informed, intellectual] people, the wise ゆうしきしゃ

学識 gakushiki learning, scholarship がくしき

❸ⓐ know, be acquainted with

ⓑ acquaintance

識字 shikiji teaching illiterate people how to read しきじ

面識 menshiki acquaintance めんしき

相識の sōshiki no mutually acquainted そうしきの

問題意識 mondaiishiki awareness of the issues, (having a) critical mind, concerns もんだいいしき

④ write down, record

式後 shikigo editor’s note; preface; postscript しきご

❺ landmark, sign

道路標識 dōro hyōshiki signpost どうろひょうしき

SYNONYMS

WISDOM



チ NAMES さと さとし さとる とも のり とし zhì


PHILOSOPHY



テツ zhé


knowledge



チ しる しらせる zhī


HOMOPHONES

shiki ➳ 

☄ ART RELATION ☄










Erwin Blumenfeld, Masked Ball, 1919
Collage, 7 ½ x 7 inches (19 x 18 cm)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:43 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 27, 2017 5:50:26 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 27, 2017 5:50:45 PM

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Daemon wrote:
amulet

(noun) An object worn, especially around the neck, as a charm against evil or injury.

Synonyms: talisman

Usage: It was sorcery, magic of the worst kind, thought Buldeo, and he wondered whether the amulet round his neck would protect him.


Kanji of the Day



マ mó


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 194

Strokes 21-10-11

Frequency 1316

▶DEMON

COMPOUNDS

❶ demon, devil, evil spirit

魔神 majin evil spirit, devil まじん

魔物 mamono goblin, apparition まもの

悪魔 akuma devil, demon, satan あくま

病魔 byōma demon of ill health; disease びょうま

邪魔 jama hindrance, obstruction, impediment じゃま

❷ (related to the powers of demon) magic(al), evil

魔法 mahō magic, sorcery, witchcraft まほう

魔法瓶 mahōbin thermos bottle まほうびん

魔術 majutsu magic, sorcery, witchcraft まじゅつ

魔力 maryoku magical powers まりょく

魔除け mayoke talisman...amulet まよけ



Pray amulet Boo hoo!


彼女はいつも魔除けのお守りを持っている Kanojo wa itsumo mayoke no omamori o motte iru She always carries an amulet against evil かのじょはいつもまよけのおまもりをもっている

魔女 majo witch, sorceress まじょ

魔笛 mateki magic flute; The Magic Flute (by Mozart) まてき

魔手 mashu evil power ましゅ

魔法遣い mahōtsukai magician, wizard, sorcerer, witch まほうつかい

魔法つかい mahōtsukai magician, wizard, sorcerer, witch まほうつかい

魔法使 mahōtsukai magician, wizard, sorcerer, witch まほうつかい

❸ [also suffix] (person with excessive passion for something) maniac

放火魔 hōkama pyromaniac ほうかま

収集魔 shūshūma collecting maniac しゅうしゅうま

通り魔 tōrima phantom killer [robber] とおりま

INDEPENDENT

【ma 魔】 demon, evil spirit, evil influence

魔が差す ma ga sasu be tempted by an evil spirit まがさす

魔の海峡 ma no kaikyō dangerous strait まのかいきょう

SYNONYMS

SPIRIT



レイ リョウ たま líng


SPIRIT



セイ ショウ jīng


maniac



キョウ くるう くるおしい kuáng


COMPOUND FORMATION

❶ 邪魔 jama

邪魔 ‘hindrance, etc.’ originally represented an evil (邪) demon (魔) that stood in the way of Buddhist righteousness.


❷ 魔法瓶 mahōbin

魔法瓶 'thermos bottle' is a bottle (瓶) that keeps water warm by "magical" (魔) means (法)

HOMOPHONES

ma ➳ 

✮ ART RELATION ✮










Jean Arp, Sans titre [Untitled] 1915
Dessin, Collage [drawing, collage], Carton, papiers et tissu collés sur carton [cardboard, papers and fabric on cardboard] 28.5 x 23 cm
Paris, Centre Pompidou. © Adagp, Paris
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 27, 2017 5:51:01 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 28, 2017 5:55:25 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 28, 2017 5:55:41 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 28, 2017 5:55:52 PM

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Daemon wrote:
arbor

(noun) A shady resting place in a garden or park, often made of rustic work or latticework on which plants, such as climbing shrubs or vines, are grown.

Synonyms: bower, pergola

Usage: I never saw such a garden—large and shady, full of box-bordered paths, and lined with long grape-covered arbors with seats under them.


Kanji of the Day



キ くしき qí jī


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 37

Strokes 8-3-5

Frequency 1225

▶UNUSUAL

COMPOUNDS

❶ [formerly also 畸]

ⓐ unusual, strange, odd, extraordinary, queer, eccentric

ⓑ deformity, malformation

奇異な kii na unusual, strange きいな

奇人 kijin eccentric (person), queer [odd] fellow きじん

奇妙な kimyō na strange, queer, odd きみょうな

奇跡(=奇蹟) kiseki miracle, wonder きせき

奇談 kidan strange story きだん

珍奇な chinki na novel, curious; rare; strange ちんきな

怪奇 kaiki mystery, wonder かいき

好奇心 kōkishin curiosity こうきしん

偏奇 henki eccentricity へんき

奇形 kikei deformity, malformation きけい

❷ of unusual excellence

奇勝 kishō place of scenic beauty きしょう

❸ surprising, unexpected

奇襲 kishū surprise attack きしゅう

奇遇 kigū unexpected meeting, chance encounter きぐう

④ [formerly 掎] beautiful, gorgeous, elegant

奇麗な kirei na beautiful, pretty; clean; fair きれいな

❺ math odd, odd number

奇数 kisū odd number きすう

寄偶 kigū odd and even numbers きぐう

❻ [also 詭] cheat, deceive, defraud

奇弁 kiben sophism, sophistry きべん

INDEPENDENT

【ki 奇】 strangeness, oddity, eccentricity

奇を衒う ki o terau make a display of one’s originality [eccentricity] きをてらう

奇なる kinaru strange, odd, eccentric きなある

KUN

【ku(shiki) 奇しき】 strange, mysterious

奇しくも kushiku mo mysteriously, strangely, enough くしくも

SPECIAL READINGS

数奇屋(=数寄屋) sukiya pergola...bower...arbor (arbour) すきや



Pray Drool arbor Boo hoo!


公園は数奇屋がよく茂っている。 Kōen wa sukiya ga yoku shigette iru. The arbor is well wooded. こえんはすきやがよくしげっている。

数奇屋造り sukiyazukuri sukiya style of building, style of tea-ceremony arbor (arbour) すきやずくり

SYNONYMS

ABNORMAL



ヘン かわる かわり かえる biàn


MYSTERIOUS



カイ ケ あやしい あやしむ guài


curious



チン めずらしい zhēn


HOMOPHONES

ki ➳ 

◈ ART RELATION ◈










Another view of the First International Dada Fair, Berlin, 1920
L-R: Raoul Hausmann, Hannah Höch (seated), Dr. Otto Burchard, Johannes Baader, Wieland Herzfelde, Margarete Herzfelde, Otto Schmalhausen (seated), George Grosz, John Heartfield
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Daemon wrote:
annunciation

(noun) A formal public statement.

Synonyms: proclamation, declaration, announcement

Usage: A long and dramatic drum-roll signaled that a royal annunciation was about to be delivered.


Kanji of the Day



タイ tāi


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 130

Strokes 9-4-5

Frequency 1733

▶FETUS ▶WOMB

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] fetus, embryo

胎児 taiji embryo, fetus たいじ

胎動 taidō quickening, fetal movement; indication たいどう

堕胎 datai abortion だたい

❷ⓐ womb, uterus

ⓑ (figuratively) womb, origin, beginning

胎内 tainai interior of the womb たいない

胎生 taisei viviparity たいせい

胎教 taikyō prenatal care たいきょう

受胎告知 jutaikokuchi announcement, declaration, proclamation, annunciation じゅたいこくち



Pray Eh? annunciation Applause


内閣が受胎告知を回した。 Naikaku ga jutai kokuchi o mawashita. The Cabinet sent round an official annunciation. ないかくがじゅたいこくちをまわした。

母胎 botai mother's womb ぼたい

双胎間輸血症候群 sōtaikanyuketsushōkōgun Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, TTTS そうたいかにゅけつしょうこうぐん

胚胎する haitai suru originate in, arise from はいたいする

❸ conceive, become pregnant

人工受胎 jinkōjutai...artificial insemination じんこうじゅたい

懐胎 kaitai conception, becoming pregnant かいたい

受胎 jutai conception, fertilization じゅたい

INDEPENDENT

【tai 胎】 womb

SYNONYMS

EGG



ラン たまご luǎn


sex organ



イン かげ かげる yīn


private parts



チ はじる はじ はじらう はずかしい chǐ


HOMOPHONES

tai ➳ 

✯ ART RELATION ✯










John Heartfield, 1932
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Daemon wrote:
invective

(noun) Denunciatory or abusive language.

Synonyms: vituperation, vitriol

Usage: Bartle had become so excited and angry in the course of his invective that he had forgotten his supper.


Kanji of the Day



ヒ いやしい いやしむ いやしめる bēi


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 24

Strokes 9-2-7

Frequency 1852

▶MEAN

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (low in social status) mean, lowly, humble

ⓑ [formerly also 鄙] [humble] my humble

卑賎 hisen lowly position, humble condition ひせん

尊卑 sonpi upper and lower classes, high and low そんぴ

卑見 hiken my humble opinion ひけん

❷ [formerly also 鄙] (lacking in elevating human qualities) mean, vulgar, despicable

卑屈な hikutsu na mean, meanspirited; servile ひくつな

卑劣な hiretsu na mean, base, cowardly ひれつな

卑罵語 hibago vitriol...vituperation...invective ひばご



Whistle Dancing invective Boo hoo!


三年間卑罵語を受けた後彼女は彼を捨てた。 San enkanbō ryoku uketa nochi kanojo wa kare o suteta. She walked out on her boyfriend after three years of invectives. さんえんかんぼうりょくうけたのちかのじょはかれをすてた。

卑怯 hikyō cowardice, meanness, unfairness ひきょう

卑語 higo vulgarism, vulgar word ひご

野卑 yahi vulgarity, meanness やひ

❸ⓐ humble oneself

ⓑ despise, look down on

卑下 hige humility, self-depreciation ひげ

男尊女卑 dansonjohi predominance of men over women, sexism だんそんじょひ

卑下も自慢の中 higemojimannōchi too much humility is pride ひげもじまんおうち

卑下も自慢のうち higemojimannōchi too much humility is pride ひげもじまんおうち

卑下も自慢の内 higemojimannouchi too much humility is pride ひげもじまんおうち

④ familiar, common

卑近 hikin familiar, common; plain ひきん

卑金属 hikinzoku base metals ひきんぞく

❺ (of land) low

卑湿な hishitsu na low and damp (land) ひしつな

KUN

【iya(shii) 卑しい】

➀ [formerly also 賤しい] (low in social status) mean, lowly, humble, inferior in position

卑しさ iyashisa meanness, vulgarity いやしさ

卑しい生まれの iyashii umare no lowborn いやしいうまれの

② [formerly also 賤しい]

ⓐ (of poor appearance) mean, shabby, seedy

ⓑ (lacking elevating human qualities) mean, base, vulgar, despicable

卑しい身形 iyashii minari shabby appearance いやしいみなり

卑しからぬ iyashikaranu decent, respectable いやしからぬ

卑しい根性 iyashii konjō mean spirit いやしいこんじょう

卑しい笑い iyashii warai mean smirk いやしいわらい

③ greedy, gluttonous

卑しん坊 iyashinbō greedy person, glutton いやしんぼう

【iya(shimu) 卑しむ】 [formerly also 賤しむ] despise, disdain, look down on, regard with contempt

卑しみ iyashimi contempt いやしみ

卑しむべき iyashimubeki despicable いやしむべき

労働を卑しむ rōdō o iyashimu despise labor, labour ろうどうをいやしむ

【iya(shimeru) 卑しめる】 [formerly also 賤しめる] same as iyashimu 卑しむ

SYNONYMS

LOW



テイ ひくい ひくめる ひくまる dī


vulgar



ゾク sú


COARSE



ソ あらい あら- cū


USAGE

❶ iyashii

卑しい

➀ [formerly also 賤しい] (low in social status) mean, lowly, humble, inferior in position

② [formerly also 賤しい]

ⓐ (of poor appearance) mean, shabby, seedy

ⓑ (lacking elevating human qualities) mean, base, vulgar, despicable

③ greedy, gluttonous

賤しい

➀ [now usu. 卑しい] (low in social status) mean, lowly, humble, inferior in position

② [now usu. 卑しい]

ⓐ (of poor appearance) mean, shabby, seedy

ⓑ (lacking elevating human qualities) mean, base, vulgar, despicable

❷ iyashimu

卑しむ

[formerly also 賤しむ] despise, disdain, look down on, regard with contempt

賤しむ

[now usu. 卑しむ] same as 卑しむ iyashimu

❸ iyashimeru

卑しめる

same as 賤しむ iyashimu

賤しめる

same as 卑しめる iyashimeru

HOMOPHONES

iyashii ➳ 

iyashimu ➳ 

iyashimeru ➳ 

▒ ART RELATION ▒










Erwin Blumenfeld, Marquis de Sade, 1921
collage sur papier (collage on paper) 25 x 25.4 cm
Jerusalem, Israël Museum, The Vera and Arturo Scwarz Collection.
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Daemon wrote:
sternutation

(noun) A symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose.

Synonyms: sneeze, sneezing

Usage: John complained that every time he came to visit, my dusty carpet would send him into fits of sternutation.


Kanji of the Day



ケン くだん jiàn


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 9

Strokes 6-2-4

Frequency 256

▶MATTER

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ matter, affair, case, incident, item

ⓑ counter for cases or affairs

一件 ikken matter, affair, item いっけん

用件 yōken matter (of business) things to be done ようけん

人件費 jinkenhi personnel expenses, labor cost, labour cost じけんひ

条件 jōken condition; item, proviso じょうけん

条件反射 jōkenhansha sneezing...sneeze...sternutation じょうけんはんしゃ



Boo hoo! Applause sternutation Pray


彼の条件反射で私たちの会話が中断した。 Kare no jōken hansha de watashitachi no kaiwa ga chūdan shita. Our conversation was interrupted by his sternutation. かれのじょうけんはんしゃでわたしたちのかいわがちゅうだんした。

事件 jiken affair, incident, case, event じけん

案件 anken matter, case, item あんけん

要件 yōken important matter; necessary condition ようけん

別件 bekken separate case, another matter べっけん

件数 kensū number of cases or items けんすう

五十件 gojikken 50 cases, 50 items ごじっけん

必要十分条件 hitsuyōjūbunjōken necessary and sufficient condition ひつようじゅうぶんじょうけん

十分条件 jūbunjōken sufficient condition じゅうぶんじょうけん

大逆事件 taigyakujiken (case of) high treason たいぎゃくじけん

INDEPENDENT

【ken 件】 matter, affair, case

例の件 rei no ken the matter you have been talking about れいのけん

KUN

【kudan 件】 the aforesaid matter

件の一件 kudan no ikken the aforesaid matter, the matter in question くだんのいっけん

SYNONYMS

AFFAIR



ジ ズ こと shì


GENERAL COUNTER



コ カ gè gě


counter for articles



テン つける つく たてる ともす diǎn


HOMOPHONES

ken ➳ 

☯ ART RELATION ☯










Max Ernst, Katharina Ondulata, 1920
Gouache, pencil and ink on printed paper, 31.50 x 27.50 cm
Scottish National Modern One, Edinburgh, © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2004
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Daemon wrote:
lycanthrope

(noun) A monster able to change appearance from human to wolf.

Synonyms: werewolf, wolfman, loup-garou

Usage: She thought the novel about the lycanthrope would be silly, but the sad tale about the werewolf's struggles to regain control of his life moved her to tears.


Kanji of the Day



ジン ニン ひと -り -と rén


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT אַרְבַּע)

RADICAL 9

Strokes 2-2-0

Frequency 7

▶HUMAN BEING

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] [original meaning] human being, person, man; people, mankind

ⓑ counter for people


人間 ningen human being, man; people, mankind にんげん

人類 jinrui mankind, humankind じんるい

人工の jinkō no artificial じんこうの

人為 jin'i human work, artificiality じんい

人民 jinmin the people, populace, subjects じんみん

人生 jinsei human life, life じんせい

人気 ninki popularity; temper of the people; business conditions にんき

夫人 fujin wife, married lady, Mrs. ふじん

商人 shōnin merchant, trader, tradesman しょうにん

他人 tanin another person, other people; stranger たにん

個人 kojin individual こじん

現代人 gendaijin modern person [people] げんだいじん

人数 ninzū number of people にんずう

二十人 nijūnin 20 people にじゅうにん

❷ [suffix]

ⓐ person of specific geographical origin, nationality or race

ⓑ person of certain category, as the performer of an action or holder of an occupation: -er (as in manager)

アメリカ人 amerikajin American あめりかじん

外国人 gaikokujin foreigner, alien がいこくじん

見物人 kenbutsunin spectator, sightseer けんぶつにん

料理人 ryōrinin cook りょうりにん

支配人 shihainin manager, executive しはいにん

芸能人 geinōjin performing artist げいのうじん

❸ [rare] other people, others

人我 jinga oneself and others じんが

狼人間 ōkaminingen loup-garou, wolfman, werewolf, lycanthrope おおかみにんげん



Pray Whistle lycanthrope Boo hoo!


「そっかぁ、アルクさんは狼人間なんですね」「俺は混血だから変身したりはしねーよ」 `Sokkā, Aruku-san wa ōkami ningen'na ndesu ne'`ore wa konketsudakara henshin shi tari wa shine ̄ yo' "Oh, right, you're a lycanthrope, aren't you?" "I'm mixed blood, so I don't transform or anything." 「そっかあ、あるくさんはおおかみにんげんなんですね」「おれはこんけつだからへんしんしたりはしねーよ」

④ personality, character, disposition

人格 jinkaku personality...character...individuality じんかく

INDEPENDENT

【nin 人】 literary person; character

KUN

【hito 人】 

➀ⓐ man, human being, person, mankind

ⓑ people, men

人殺し hitogoroshi murder; murderer ひとごろし

人質 hitojichi hostage, prisoner ひとじち

人人 hitobito people ひとびと

恋人 koibito lover, sweetheart こいびと

人出 hitode turnout, crowd ひとで

② other people, others

人事 hitogoto other people's affairs ひとごと

人の金 hito no kane other people's money ひとのかね

③ man of talent, able man

人を得る hito o eru employ the right person ひとをえる

④ nature, character, personality

人柄 hitogara character, personality ひとがら

人の良い hito no yoi good natured, kind-hearted ひとのよい

お人好し ohitoyoshi good natured person; credulous person おひとよし

【-ri -人】 counter for people

一人 hitori one person; only (child, son or daughter) ひとり

二人 futari two persons ふたり

【-to -人】 person

玄人 kurōto expert, master hand; prostitute くろうと

素人 shirōto amateur, novice, outsider; decent woman しろうと

仲人 nakōdo go-between, matchmaker なこうど

若人 wakōdo youth, young man わこうど

SPECIAL READINGS

大人 otona adult おとな

SYNONYMS

woman worker



フ fù


MEMBER (of a staff)



イン yuán yún yùn


CRAFTSMAN



ショウ たくみ jiàng


HOMOPHONES

hitori ➳ 独り 一人

COMPOUND FORMATION

夫人 fujin

夫人 ‘wife, etc.’ was originally written 夫人, meaning a person (人) who helps or assists (扶). 扶 was later replaced by 夫.

✺ ART RELATION ✺










Raoul Hausmann, Le Portrait corrigé (The corrected Portrait) 1946/1947
Musée départemental d’art contemporain de Rochechouart. © Adagp, Paris 2004
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Daemon wrote:
listless

(adjective) Marked by low spirits; showing no enthusiasm.

Synonyms: dispirited

Usage: A subtle change had transformed her from the listless woman he had known into a being who, for the moment, seemed palpitant with the forces of life.


Kanji of the Day



ユウ うれえる うれい うい うき yōu


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 15-4-11

Frequency 1530

▶BE ANXIOUS

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ be [feel] anxious, fear, worry, be concerned

ⓑ anxiety, fears, apprehension

憂慮 yūryo anxiety, concern, worry ゆうりょ

憂国 yūkoku patriotism, concern for one’s country ゆうこく

一喜一憂 ikkiichiyū alternation of joy and sorrow いっきいちゆう

杞憂 kiyū imaginary fears きゆう

❷ grief, sorrow

憂鬱 yūutsu melancholy, gloom ゆううつ

憂愁 yūshū melancholy, gloom, grief ゆうしゅう

憂鬱質 yūutsushitsu susceptibility to depression ゆううつしつ

KUN

【ure(eru) 憂える】 be anxious, fear, be apprehensive

国の将来を憂える kuni no shōrai o ureeru be anxious about the future of one’s country くにのしょうらいをうれえる

【ure(i) 憂い】 anxiety, trouble, worry; danger

後顧の憂い kōko no urei anxiety about the future こうこのうれい

【u(i) 憂い】 melancholy, sad

憂さ usa gloom, melancholy うさ

物憂い monoui dispirited...listless ものうい



Whistle Shame on you listless Pray


そして、どうすることも出来ない物憂さに、ふっとため息をつく Soshite, do usu ru koto mo dekinai monousa ni, futto tameikiwotsuku And then I breathe a listless sigh in being unable to do anything about it そして、どうすることもできないものうさに、ふっとためいきをつく

【u(ki) 憂き】 literary grief, sorrow

憂き目を見る ukime o miru have a bitter experience, have a hard time of it うきめをみる

SYNONYMS

concern oneself



ハイ くばる pèi


MIND



かまう


FEARS (of undesirable event)



グ おそれ yú


USAGE

❶ ureeru

憂える

be anxious, fear, be apprehensive

愁える

grieve, lament, feel sorrow

❷ urei

憂い

anxiety, trouble, worry; danger

愁い

melancholy, grief, sorrow, sadness

HOMOPHONES

ureeru ➳ 

urei ➳ 

☩ ART RELATION ☩










Constantin Brancusi, Duchamp, Brancusi, Tzara et Man Ray dans l'atelier, 1921, Epreuve gélatino-argentique, 12 x 17.8 cm
Paris, Centre Pompidou, © Adagp, Paris
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