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Function and meaning of "it" when "it" is placed immediately after subject of a sentence Options
Nousher Ahmed 1
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 11:25:34 PM

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Joined: 4/2/2014
Posts: 398
Neurons: 2,427
Location: Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
The segment of my horizon it illumines grows shorter and ever shorter, and the night longer and longer.

This sentence has been taken from this link

The structure of this sentence is not clear to me. The segment of my horizon is the subject of this sentence. But what is the function of it placed after The segment of my horizon? It seems that, here, it is neither a subject nor an object. If I omit it, probably this sentence would mean something to me.

Please explain the function and meaning of it with some appropriate examples, where it is placed immediately after the subject of sentences.
Audiendus
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 11:59:14 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

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Location: London, England, United Kingdom
"It illumines" is a relative clause, with "that" (or "which") omitted:

The segment of my horizon that it illumines grows shorter and ever shorter...

("It" refers back to a previous sentence.)

The following sentences are similarly constructed:

I like that shop; the food it sells is delicious.
The difference it makes is negligible.
The words it is necessary to learn are listed in the book.
Nousher Ahmed 1
Posted: Sunday, March 19, 2017 12:25:39 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/2/2014
Posts: 398
Neurons: 2,427
Location: Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Thanks Audiendus for your nice explanation. Now I have got it
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