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Jigneshbharati
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 6:31:56 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 993
Neurons: 5,351
‘He said that he always envisioned himself having a family, and now it might be too late.’
I saw the above example sentence on have - definition of have in English | Oxford Dictionaries
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/have
Please explain the use and grammatical form and function of "having".
Could someone help me to analyse the sentence in detail:
He-subject
Said-main verb
That..a family- the noun clause acting as an object of "said" and headed by the relative pronoun- "that".
He always envisioned- subject plus predicate
Himself-indirect object
Having a family- gerund phrase acting as an object to "envisioned"
Thanks in advance



sureshot
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 8:34:28 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/16/2015
Posts: 1,841
Neurons: 341,934
Jigneshbharati wrote:
‘He said that he always envisioned himself having a family, and now it might be too late.’
I saw the above example sentence on have - definition of have in English | Oxford Dictionaries
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/have
Please explain the use and grammatical form and function of "having".

_______________

Here, "having" is a gerund. The expression "having a family" means "starting a family" (= "having children")

Audiendus
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 8:59:20 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/24/2011
Posts: 4,430
Neurons: 790,786
Location: London, England, United Kingdom
I would analyse it differently:

He-subject
Said-main verb
That..a family- the noun clause acting as an object of "said" and headed by the relative pronoun subordinating conjunction "that".
He always envisioned- subject plus predicate adverb plus verb (not the whole predicate)
Himself-indirect object direct object
Having a family- gerund phrase acting as an object to "envisioned" participle phrase modifying "himself".

If "himself" were omitted, however, "having a family" would be a gerund phrase acting as the direct object of "envisioned".
Jigneshbharati
Posted: Saturday, March 18, 2017 9:50:49 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 993
Neurons: 5,351
Thanks
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