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on being observed, etc. Options
zhonglc2020
Posted: Thursday, October 10, 2019 10:37:43 AM
Rank: Member

Joined: 7/7/2019
Posts: 80
Neurons: 569
Hello everyone,

________, it immediately ran away
a. observing her
b. on being observed
c. having been observed
d. on her being observed
source: http://dayi.prcedu.com/question_2617032 (Question No.3)
Key b

I am not going to talk about its keys, for I have already known that a、b and c are all possible.

My puzzle is,what about the following sentences?
1. Observing her, it immediately ran away.
2. After observing her, it immediately ran away.
(it = a dog)

3. Hearing the news, he burst into tears.
4. After hearing the news, he burst into tears.

5. When he heard the news, he burst into tears.
6. After he heard the news, he burst into tears.
(Suppose the news in 3-6 is very bad news)

Though #2 and #4 are grammartical,
I think #2 is bad, at least "after" is not necessary. It doesn't go well with "immediately";
I also feel #4 is bad,except that the sentence wants to put emphasis on there being a gap.
--- he is so shocked that there exists a gap of time before he comes back to cry.
I think #6 is a wrong sentence.

How do you look at #2 and #4?


Many many thanks.


thar
Posted: Thursday, October 10, 2019 2:26:26 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 20,433
Neurons: 82,567
'after' is weak -

1 it does not necessarily mean close in time
And
2 It makes no connection of cause and effect between the two events.

You can logically make that connection, but the sentence doesn't do that.


The participle phrase has the meaning
1 it happened immediately
And
2 it happened because of the other action.


So it is a much more expressive way of way of saying something.



Because the participle phrase has that job, not using it implies something else happened - eg the dog looked back at you for a while and thought about staying, but then, after a pause, it ran away.
zhonglc2020
Posted: Thursday, October 10, 2019 8:43:44 PM
Rank: Member

Joined: 7/7/2019
Posts: 80
Neurons: 569
It really helps.
Thank you, thar.
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