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He is also a dentist. Options
onsen
Posted: Monday, June 11, 2018 12:12:12 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
Posts: 196
Neurons: 3,874
Hello,

A. He is a doctor. At the same time, he is a dentist.
B. He is a doctor and also a dentist.

C. He is a dentist. At the same time, she is a dentist.
D. She is a dentist. He is also a dentist.

My question:
If A, can B be concluded?
If C, can D be concluded?

Thank you
leonAzul
Posted: Monday, June 11, 2018 9:18:31 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/11/2011
Posts: 8,312
Neurons: 26,413
Location: Miami, Florida, United States
onsen wrote:
Hello,

A. He is a doctor. At the same time, he is a dentist.
B. He is a doctor and also a dentist.

C. He is a dentist. At the same time, she is a dentist.
D. She is a dentist. He is also a dentist.

My question:
If A, can B be concluded?
If C, can D be concluded?

Thank you


Each pair of examples is equivalent in meaning

However, I'd like to make a few observations.

I do not think the word "concluded" means what you think it means.
Whistle

In none of these examples can a conclusion be drawn from one sentence or statement to another. They are not logically connected nor disconnected. Any connection could only be inferred from the statements themselves and not because they are arranged side by side.

In everyday speech, the word "doctor" would be interpreted from context as "physician" or medical doctor, yet it would require context to make the meaning clear. The word "doctor" originally referred to someone who is qualified to teach a particular subject of knowledge, a qualification that is typically signified by the achievement of a PhD degree from a university. During the nineteenth century this concept was expanded to include an advanced proficiency in a practical skill, such as medicine or law, such that the most common use of the title "Doctor" is now the equivalent of a licensed physician, surgeon, or veterinarian, yet could also include a professor of engineering or a licensed attorney.

Thus, the general descriptor of a physician is often abbreviated as "MD" (medical doctor), and the specific specialization as a dentist "DDS" (doctor of dental surgery).

Again, in everyday speech your examples are good, yet in some circumstances a finer distinction would make the meaning more clear.


"Make it go away, Mrs Whatsit," he whispered. "Make it go away. It's evil."
onsen
Posted: Monday, June 11, 2018 9:58:02 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
Posts: 196
Neurons: 3,874
Thank you very much, leonAzul.

The aim of this thread is to undestand the use of the word 'also'.
In B it modifies 'a dentist', while in D it modifies 'He', though each sentence has the same phrase 'also a dentist'. That is, the phrase is understood in two ways, which is ambiguous, I suppose.
leonAzul
Posted: Monday, June 11, 2018 10:34:47 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/11/2011
Posts: 8,312
Neurons: 26,413
Location: Miami, Florida, United States
onsen wrote:
Thank you very much, leonAzul.

The aim of this thread is to undestand the use of the word 'also'.
In B it modifies 'a dentist', while in D it modifies 'He', though each sentence has the same phrase 'also a dentist'. That is, the phrase is understood in two ways, which is ambiguous, I suppose.


The better way to describe the word "also" would be "polymorphic".

Ambiguous means that there are two (or more) meanings that could be confused without proper context or clarification.

Polymorphous means that a word has more than one analogous function depending on context.

For example, in many computer programming languages "+" is a polymorphic operator such that "something == some + thing" and "11 == 6 + 5".


"Make it go away, Mrs Whatsit," he whispered. "Make it go away. It's evil."
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