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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, February 24, 2018 7:36:30 PM

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Daemon wrote:
undertow

(noun) The seaward undercurrent created after waves have broken on the shore.

Synonyms: sea purse, sea puss, sea-poose

Usage: The beachgoer was caught in the undertow and dragged out to sea.


Kanji of the Day



ハ なみ bō


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 85

Strokes 8-3-5

Frequency 579

▶WAVE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] [original meaning] wave

phys wave

波浪 harō waves, billows はろう

波紋 hamon ripple; stir, sensation はもん

波止場 hatoba wharf, quay はとば

波瀾(=波乱) haran disturbance, troubles; fluctuation はらん

風波 fūha wind and waves, rough seas, storm ふうは

波動 hadō wave motion, undulation はどう

電磁波 denjiha electromagnetic waves でんじは

電波 denpa electromagnetic waves, radio waves でんぱ

短波 tanpa shortwave たんぱ

音波 onpa sound waves おんぱ

光波 kōha light waves こうは

❷ⓐ something that occurs in waves

ⓑ counter for events occurring in waves

ⓒ spread like waves

寒波 kanpa cold wave かんぱ

第三波スト daisanpa suto the third wave of strikes だいさんぱすと

波及する hakyū suru be propagated; extend, spread; affect はきゅうする

❸ⓐ used phonetically for ha and closely-related sounds

ⓑ Poland

波羅蜜 haramitsu pāramitā, entrance into Nirvana はらみつ

日波 nippo Japan and Poland にっぽ

KUN

【nami 波】 wave, billow, ripple; fluctuations, rise and fall; wave motion, undulation; wrinkles

波乗り naminori surfriding, surfing なみのり

津波 tsunami tsunami, tidal wave つなみ

人波 hitonami surging crowd ひとなみ

波打つ namiutsu undulate, heave, surge; be wavy なみうつ

引き波 hikinami sea-poose, sea puss...sea purse...undertow ひきなみ



Pray Boo hoo! undertow Eh?


私たちは引き波に逆らってボートを漕いでいました。 Watashitachiha-biki-ha ni sakaratte bōto o koide imashita. We were rowing against the undertow. わたしたちはびきはにさからってぼうとをこいでいました。

横波 yokonami side wave; phys transverse wave よこなみ

老いの波 oi no nami wrinkles おいのなみ

波打ち際 namiuchigiwa water's edge, beach, foreshore なみうちぎわ

波みうちぎわ namiuchigiwa water’s edge, beach, foreshore なみうちぎわ

波打際 namiuchigiwa water's edge, beach, foreshore なみうちぎわ

SYNONYMS

wag



ヨウ ゆれる ゆらぐ ゆるぐ ゆする ゆさぶる ゆすぶる うごく yáo

BILLOW



ロウ làng


wave



シン ふる ぶる ふり -ぶり ふるう zhèn


HOMOPHONES

ha ➳ 

✨ ART RELATION ✨










Emmy Hennings als Spinne [Emmy Hennings as spider ; Emmy Hennings en araignée] c. 1915-1918
12 x 13.5 cm.
Source : http://ead.nb.admin.ch/html/hennings-ball_C.html#C-04-a-OP-06-04
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, February 24, 2018 7:36:56 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 4, 2018 7:48:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 4, 2018 7:48:53 PM

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Daemon wrote:
overstep

(verb) To go beyond (a limit); exceed.

Synonyms: transgress, trespass

Usage: The hotel was criticized for its $11 million Christmas tree adorned with gold and precious stones by those who felt it overstepped the bounds of taste.


Kanji of the Day



エツ オツ こす -こす -ごし こえる -ごえ yuè


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 156

Strokes 12-7-5

Frequency 522

▶GO BEYOND

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ go beyond or over a physical or abstract boundary: go over, skip over, jump over

ⓑ go beyond the bounds of propriety or authority: transgress, overstep, exceed

飛越する hietsu suru jump over (a hurdle), clear (a fence) ひえつする

越訴 esso (=osso) appeal made directly to a senior official without going through formalities えっそ

越境 ekkyō border transgression, violation of the border えっきょう

越権 ekken going beyond one’s authority えっけん

僭越な sen’etsu na presumptuous, arrogant せんえつな

❷ⓐ go or be beyond in degree: be more than, exceed, surpass

ⓑ go beyond the bounds of the ordinary: be better than, transcend, surpass, excel

激越な gekietsu na violent, vehement げきえつな

超越する chōetsu suru transcend, surpass ちょうえつする

優越 yūetsu superiority, supremacy ゆうえつする

卓越する takuetsu suru excel, surpass たくえつする

❸ pass, spend (time)

越冬 ettō passing the winter, wintering えっとう

越年草本 etsunen sōhon biennial herb えつねんそうほん

④ⓐ Yue, name of an ancient Chinese state

ⓑ abbrev. of 越南 etsunan: Vietnam

呉越 goetsu Wu and Yue, two rival states in ancient China ごえつ

中越紛争 chūetsu funsō dispute between China and Vietnam ちゅうえつふんそう

反越 han’etsu anti-Vietnam はんえつ

❺ Esshu, old name for Niigata, Toyama and east Fukui prefectures

越後 echigo Echigo, old name for Niigata Prefecture えちご

信越本線 shin’etsu honsen Shinetsu Main Line (Gunma-Nagano-Niigata Railway) しんえつほんせん

INDEPENDENT

【etsu 越】 Yue (⇒④ⓐ)

KUN

【ko(su) 越す】

➀ⓐ go over, cross over, pass, go across

ⓑ surmount, pass through, overcome

通り越す tōrikosu go beyond, pass through とおりこす

乗り越す norikosu ride past のりこす

取り越し苦労 torikoshigurō overanxiety, needless worry とりこしぐろう

山を越す yama o kosu go across a mountain; surmount a difficulty やまをこす

②ⓐ be better than, surpass

ⓑ outstrip, outrun

それに越した事は無い Sore ni koshita koto wa nai Nothing could be better それにこしたことはない

勝ち越す kachikosu have more wins than losses; lead (someone) by (three) matches かちこす

追い越す oikosu outrun, pass; overtake おいこす

③ pass, spend (time)

年越し toshikoshi welcoming the new year としこし

④ move, change quarters

引っ越す hikkosu move, change quarters ひっこす

⑤ go, come

斎藤さんがお越しです Saitōsan ga okoshi desu Mr. Saito has come さいとうさんがおこし

【-ko(su) -越す】 shift over, shift onward

持ち越す mochikosu carry forward, bring over, defer もちこす

繰り越す kurikosu transfer, bring forward, carry over くりこす

見越す mikosu anticipate, speculate (on), foresee みこす

【-go(shi) -越し】

[also suffix]

ⓐ across, over, beyond

ⓑ after, over

垣根越しに見る kakinegoshi ni miru look over the fence かきねごしにみる

十年越しの付き合い jūnengoshi no tsukiai acquaintance of ten years' standing じゅうねんごしのつきあい

【ko(eru) 越える】 go over, go across, go beyond, jump over

乗り越える norikoeru get over, climb over; surmount, overcome のりこえる

法を越える noriwokoeru trespass...transgress...overstep のりをこえる



Not talking Whistle overstep Eh?


野望のために彼は法を越えるた。 Yabō no tame ni kare wa noriwokoeruta. Ambition drove him to overstep. やぼうのためにかれはのりをこえるた。

川を越える kawa o koeru cross a river かわをこえる

【-go(e) -越え】

ⓐ crossing over, going over

ⓑ [suffix] road across (a place or mountain)

バンカ一越えの一打 bankāgoe no ichida a shot over the bunker ばんかあごえのいちだ

伊賀越え igagoe road across Iga いがごえ

SYNONYMS

EXCEED



カ すぎる -すぎる -すぎ すごす あやまつ あやまち guò guō


SURPASS



チョウ こえる こす chāo


Korea



セン あざやか xiān xiǎn


USAGE

❶ kosu

越す

➀ⓐ go over, cross over, pass, go across

ⓑ surmount, pass through, overcome

②ⓐ be better than, surpass

ⓑ outstrip, outrun

③ pass, spend (time)

④ move, change quarters

⑤ go, come

超す

(go beyond in quantity or degree) surpass, exceed, rise above, be over

❷ koeru

越える

go over, go across, go beyond, jump over

超える

ⓐ (go beyond in quantity or degree) exceed, surpass, be over

ⓑ (go beyond the limit) surpass, excel, be above, transcend

★ The differences between the above verbs are subtle, and they are easily confused. Make a careful study of the equivalents and examples under each entry. There is no consensus among lexicographers as to their correct usage.

HOMOPHONES

kosu ➳ 

koeru ➳ 

Ⅲ ART RELATION Ⅲ










John Heartfield, Page 5 of "Der Rote Stern" = The Red Star (unpaginated)
Photomontage, The New York Public Library / Art Resource, NY
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 4, 2018 7:49:10 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 10, 2018 9:58:26 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 10, 2018 9:58:41 PM

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Daemon wrote:
get-go

(noun) The time at which something is supposed to begin.

Synonyms: commencement, offset, outset, showtime, start, beginning, kickoff, first

Usage: She knew from the get-go that he was the man for her.


Kanji of the Day



キ ゴ qī


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 74

Strokes 12-4-8

Frequency 120

▶TERM ▶EXPECT

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] term, school term, period, season, quarter; stage, phase; session

ⓑ (deadline) term, time limit, appointed day

ⓒ inevitable moment

期間 kikan term, period きかん

期末試験 kimatsushiken term-end examination きまつしけん

学期 gakki school term がっき

時期 jiki time, season じき

第一期計画 daiikki keikaku first phase of a plan だいいっきけいかく

初期 shoki early days, early stage, beginning; early, initial しょき

上半期 kamihanki first half of the (fiscal) year かみはんき

定期 teiki fixed term; fixed deposit; abbrev. of 定期券 teikiken: season [commuter] pass ていき

期限 kigen time limit, term きげん

延期する enki suru postpone, defer えんきする

任期 ninki one’s term of office にんき

満期 manki expiration (of a term) まんき

草創期 sōsōki first, kickoff, beginning, start, showtime, outset, offset, commencement, get-go そうそうき



Pray Boo hoo! get-go Eh?


長い航海の草創期は、船に酔ったが、だんだんに船に慣れ出した Nagai kōkai no sōsō-ki wa,-sen ni yottaga, dandan ni fune ni nare dashita At the get-go of the long voyage I was seasick, but I gradually began to get my sea legs ながいこうかいのそうそうきは、せんによったが、だんだんにふねになれだした

短期大学。。。tankidaigaku...(two year) junior college たんきだいがく

最期 saigo one's last moments, death さいご

❷ⓐ [also suffix] period, age, time, occasion

ⓑ geological age

青年期 seinenki adolescence せいねんき

幼児期 yōjiki babyhood ようじき

平安後期 heian kōki late Heian period へいあんこうき

画期的な kakkiteki na epoch-making, epochal かっきてきな

氷河期 hyōgaki ice age ひょうがき

expect, look forward to, anticipate, hope for

期待する kitai suru expect, look forward to, anticipate, hope for きたいする

予期する yoki suru expect, anticipate, hope for よきする

所期の shoki no expected, anticipated, hoped-for しょきの

④ determine, decide; promise, pledge

期成 kisei resolution to carry out (a plan) きせい

INDEPENDENT

【ki 期】 time, date, occasion

【kisuru 期する】 fix a date, determine; resolve; promise; expect, hope for

【go 期】 inevitable moment

【gosuru 期する】 wait expectantly for

SYNONYMS

SEASON (quarter)



キ jì


dynastic period



チョウ あさ zhāo cháo


TIME



ジ とき -どき shí


HOMOPHONES

go ➳ 

☤ ART RELATION ☤










Emmy Hennings
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 10, 2018 9:58:56 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 22, 2018 8:42:23 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 22, 2018 8:42:39 PM

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Daemon wrote:
outwit

(verb) To get the better of by cunning or ingenuity.

Synonyms: outsmart, overreach, circumvent, outfox, beat

Usage: She managed to outwit the police and escape to the safe house with the loot.


Kanji of the Day


リ うら lǐ


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 145

Strokes 13-6-7

Frequency 709

▶REAR

COMPOUNDS

rear, back, reverse, other side

裏面 rimen back, reverse, other side, inside; background りめん

表裏 hyōri front and rear, both sides (of a thing or matter); duplicity ひょうり

庫裏 kuri temple's kitchen; priest's living quarters くり

inside, within, in

脳裏 nōri brain, mind, memory のうり

胸裏 kyōri one’s bosom, one’s heart, one’s feelings きょうり

手裏剣 shuriken throwing knife しゅりけん

禁裏 kinri the Imperial Palace きんり

❸ [suffix] in a state of, -ly

成功裏に seikōri ni in success せいこうりに

暗暗裏に an’anri ni tacitly, implicitly あんあんりに

KUN

【ura 裏】 [also prefix and suffix] rear, back; reverse, other side; lining (of clothes); inside, hidden part; support, backing, proof; baseball second half (of an inning), bottom

裏を返す ura o kaesu turn the other way, turn inside out うらをかえす

裏庭 uraniwa rear garden うらにわ

頁の裏に pēji no ura ni overleaf ぺいじのうらに

裏側 uragawa back [reverse, other] side, wrong side うらがわ

裏表 uraomote both sides; two faces; reverse, opposite; the reverse; double-dealing うらおもて

裏打ち urauchi lining, backing うらうち

裏吋け urazuke guarantee, endorsement; support, backing; substantiation, proof うらずけ

裏切る uragiru betray, turn traitor, double-cross うらぎる

裏を掻く ura o kaku beat, outfox, circumvent, overreach...outsmart...outwit うらをかく



Pray Boo hoo! outwit Eh?


泥棒は警官の裏をかいて盗品を持って逃げた。 Dorobō wa keikan no ura o kaite tōhin o motte nigeta. The thief outwitted the police and got away with his loot. どろぼうはけいかんのうらをかいてとうひんをもってにげた。

三回の裏 sankai no ura bottom [second half] of the third inning さんかいのうら

天井裏 tenjōura above the ceiling てんじょううら

SYNONYMS

BACK



ハイ せ せい そむく そむける bèi bēi


after



ゴ コウ のち うしろ うしろ あと おくれる hòu


INNER PART



オウ オク おく ào


HOMOPHONES

ri ➳ 

▒▓▒ ART RELATION ▒▓▒










Jean Arp, Sans titre [Untitled] 1915
Dessin, Collage [drawing, collage], Carton, papiers et tissu collés sur carton [cardboard, papers and fabric on cardboard] 28.5 x 23 cm
Paris, Centre Pompidou. © Adagp, Paris
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 22, 2018 8:43:04 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 30, 2018 6:18:55 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 30, 2018 6:19:10 PM

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Daemon wrote:
lenity

(noun) Mercifulness as a consequence of being lenient or tolerant.

Synonyms: lenience, mildness

Usage: I promise to show all the lenity in my power; but if the charges brought against this Bonapartist hero prove correct, why, then, you really must give me leave to order his head to be cut off.


Kanji of the Day



シャ shè


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 155

Strokes 11-7-4

Frequency 1828

▶AMNESTY

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ (forgive a crime or error) amnesty, pardon, forgive, excuse

amnesty, general pardon

赦免 shamen pardon, amnesty, clemency しゃめん

容赦 yōsha pardon, forgiveness, mercy ようしゃ

情け容赦 nasakeyōsha mildness...lenience...lenity んさけようしゃ



Pray Boo hoo! lenity Eh?


彼は謝るという情け容赦えもわきまえていなかった Kare wa ayamaru to iu nasake yōsha e mo wakimaete inakatta He did not even have the lenity to apologize かれはあやまるというなさけようしゃえもわきまえていなかった

恩赦 onsha amnesty, general pardon おんしゃ

特赦 tokusha amnesty, special pardon とくしゃ

大赦 taisha amnesty, general amnesty たいしゃ

赦免状 shamenjō letter of pardon, pardon しゃめんじょう

SYNONYMS

EXEMPT



メン まぬかれる まぬがれる miǎn


forgive



ゆるす


BENEFIT



オン ēn


HOMOPHONES

sha ➳ 

✡ ART RELATION ✡










Anonym, Emmy Hennings, 1910-1913
13 x 19 cm
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, March 30, 2018 6:19:34 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 6, 2018 7:27:16 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 6, 2018 7:27:36 PM

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Daemon wrote:
greave

(noun) Armor plate that protects legs below the knee.

Synonyms: jambeau

Usage: They then stripped him of a jacket that he wore over his armor, and they would have stripped off his stockings if his greaves had not prevented them.


Kanji of the Day



キン コン ゴン かね かな- -がね jīn


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT אַרְבַּע)

RADICAL 167
Standard form: 金 kane ‘metal’ ( )

Strokes 8-8-0

Frequency 71

▶METAL ▶GOLD ▶MONEY

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] metal

ⓑ the fourth of the five elements: metal (⇒ see APPENDIX 7)

金属 kinzoku metal きんぞく

金鉄 kintetsu metal; firmness きんてつ

合金 gōkin alloy, compound metal ごうきん

冶金 yakin metallurgy やきん

白金 hakkin platinum, platina はっきん

板金鎧 bankin’yoroi jambeau, greave ばんきんよろい



Think Anxious greave Eh?


そこで、旅をするときは、私は板金鎧をつけることはしません Sokode, tabi o suru toki wa, watashi wa bankin yoroi o tsukeru koto wa shimasen When I travel, I don’t wear greaves そこで、たびをするときは、わたしはばんきんよろいをつけることはしません

❷ⓐ [also prefix] gold

ⓑ [suffix] carats (of gold)

金貨 kinka gold coin きんか

金鉱 kinkō gold ore; gold mine きんこう

金度計 kindokei gold watch きんどけい

純金 junkin pure gold, solid gold じゅんきん

黄金 ōgon gold; money おうごん

十八金 jūhachikin 18-carat gold じゅうはちきん

❸ⓐ golden, yellow

ⓑ as precious as gold, excellent

金色 kin’iro (=konjiki) golden color, golden colour きんいろ

金髪 kinpatsu blonde, golden hair きんぱつ

金婚式 kinkonshiki golden wedding きんこんしき

金言 kingen golden rule, golden saying, maxim きんげん

金剛力 kongōriki Herculean strength こんごうりき

金堂 kondō main temple structure こんどう

money, cash, coin

金額 kingaku amount of money, sum きんがく

金融 kin’yū circulation of money, money market, finance きんゆう

現金 genkin cash げんきん

預金 yokin deposit, bank account よきん

資金 shikin funds, capital しきん

料金 ryōkin fee...charge...fare りょうきん

退職金 taishokukin retirement allowance [pay] たいしょくきん

❺ Friday

金曜日 kin’yōbi Friday きんようび

月金 getsukin (=gekkin) Mondays and Fridays げつきん

❻ Venus

金星 kinsei Venus きんせい

❼ name of chess piece in shogi (Japanese chess): kin, the Gold

金将 kinshō kin きんしょう

金取り kintori capturing a kin きんとり

❽ abbrev. of 金庫 kinko: depository, cash office

信金 shinkin credit union [guild] しんきん

INDEPENDENT

【kin 金】 gold; sum of money; Friday; abbrev. of 金メダル kinmedaru: gold medal; kin (⇒ ❼)

金の指輪 kin no yubiwa gold ring きんのゆびわ

金千円 kin sen’en one thousand yen きんせんえん

水泳で金を取る suiei de kin o toru win the gold medal in a swimming race すいえいできんをとる

【gon 金】 the fourth of the five elements: metal

KUN

【kane 金】 money, cash, coin; metal, iron

お金 okane money おかね

金持ち kanemochi wealthy [rich] person かねもち

金貸し kanekashi moneylender, moneylending かねかし

金を払う kane o harau pay money かねをはらう

有り金 arigane money on hand, ready cash ありがね

金鋸 kanenoko hacksaw かねのこ

【kana- 金-】 metal

金物 kanamono hardware かなもの

金網 kanaami wire netting, screen かなあみ

金具 kanagu metal fittings or fixtures かなぐ

【-gane -金】 something made of metal

引き金 hikigane trigger ひきがね

口金 kuchigane metal clasp, snap; metal cap くちがね

針金 harigane wire はりがね

白金 shirogane [usu. 銀] silver; silver coin しろがね

赤金(=銅) akagane copper あかがね

SYNONYMS

ORE



コウ kuàng


LEAD



エン なまり qiān yán


SILVER



ギン しろがね yín


USAGE

shirogane

白金

[usu. 銀]

ⓐ silver

ⓑ silver coin



[sometimes also 白金]

ⓐ silver

ⓑ silver coin

HOMOPHONES

shirogane ➳ 銀 白金

akagane ➳ 銅 赤金

▤ ART RELATION ▤










George Gorsz, Plate XVI from Ecce Homo, 1922-1923
(reproduced drawings and watercolors executed 1915-22)
Illustrated book with one hundred offset lithographs, page (each approx.): 13 11/16 x 9 13/16" (34.8 x 25 cm); overall: 14 x 10 5/16 x 1 5/16" (35.5 x 26.2 x 3.3 cm)
Publisher: Malik-Verlag, Berlin
Printer: Dr. Selle & Co. A.G., Berlin
Edition: approx. 10,000 in 5 editions, MOMA, New York
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Daemon wrote:
reaper

(noun) Someone who helps to gather the harvest.

Synonyms: harvester

Usage: He was laying about him lustily with his sheath-knive, lopping the canes right and left, like a reaper, and soon made quite a clearing around us.


Kanji of the Day



ガイ カイ かる yì


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 18

Strokes 4-2-2

Frequency 1640

▶CLIP

COMPOUNDS

● [original meaning] clip, crop, mow, cut down

刈除する kaijo suru [rare] mow, cut off, remove かいじょする

KUN

【ka(ru) 刈る】

ⓐ (cut grass, hair or the like by sharp instrument) clip, crop, cut, shear, mow, prune, trim

ⓑ reap, crop, harvest

刈り込む karikomu prune かりこむ

刈り取る karitoru mow, cut down, reap, harvest かりとる

刈り立ての karitate no newly mown, newly cropped (head), just clipped かりたての

刈り手 karite harvester, reaper かりて



Pray Boo hoo! reaper Eh?


刈り手は大きな農場を持っている。 Kari-te wa ōkina nōjō o motte iru. The reaper has a large farm. かりてはおうきなのうじょうをもっている。

草刈り kusakari...mowing...mower くさかり

羊毛を刈る yōmō o karu shear sheep ようもうをかる

丸刈り marugari close clipping まるがり

刈り入れ kariire harvest, reap かりいれ

稲刈り inekari rice reaping いねかり

SYNONYMS

CUT BY CHIPPING



サク かずる そぐ xiāo xuē


CUT OFF



ダン たつ ことわる duàn


CUT OUT



サイ たつ さばく cái


USAGE

karu

刈る

ⓐ (cut grass, hair or the like by sharp instrument) clip, crop, cut, shear, mow, prune, trim

ⓑ reap, crop, harvest

狩る

hunt

駆る

➀ drive (a car), urge (a horse) on, spur on

② prompt, inspire

HOMOPHONES

karu ➳ 狩 駆

۩ ART RELATION ۩










Hannah Höch, Marlene, 1930
photomontage, 36.7 x 24.2
collection Dakis Joannou, Athens
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Daemon wrote:
subside

(verb) Wear off or die down.

Synonyms: lessen

Usage: The doctor told me that the pain should subside during the night and that I should feel much better by morning.


Kanji of the Day



チン しずめる しずまる zhèn


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 167

Strokes 18-8-10

Frequency 1555

▶QUELL

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (put down by force) quell, pacify, suppress, subdue, put down

ⓑ (make calm) quell, pacify, appease, soothe

鎮圧する chin’atsu suru quell, suppress ちんあつする

鎮定 chintei suppression, subdual ちんてい

鎮火する chinka suru be extinguished ちんかする

鎮守の神 chinju no kami guardian god, local deity ちんじゅのかみ

鎮痛剤 chintsūzai anodyne, painkiller ちんつうざい

鎮静する chinsei suru lessen, subside ちんせいする



Pray Applause subside Eh?


シンと鎮静まった部室。響くのは、クロッキー帳に擦れる鉛筆の音だけ。 Shin to chinseimatta bushitsu. Hibiku no wa, kurokkī-chō ni sureru enpitsu no oto dake. The club room returned to subside. All that could be heard was the sound of pencil on sketchpad. しんとちんせいまったぶしつ。ひびくのは、くろっきいちょうにすれるえんぴつのおとだけ。

鎮魂曲 chinkonkyoku requiem ちんこんきょく

鎮魂祭。。。chinkonsai...mass or ceremony for the repose of a soul ちんこんさい

❷ⓐ [original meaning] weight (for pressing down)

ⓑ weighty, important, central

文鎮 bunchin paperweight ぶんちん

重鎮 jūchin man of influence, prominent figure じゅうちん

鎮子 chinshi ornamental weights used to keep curtains used to keep curtains and the like from blowing around in the wind ちんし

鎮子 chinsu ornamental weights used to keep curtains used to keep curtains and the like from blowing around in the wind ちんす

鎮子 chinji ornamental weights used to keep curtains used to keep curtains and the like from blowing around in the wind ちんじ

❸ be enshrined

鎮座する chinza suru be enshrined ちんざする

④ peace-keeping centers in ancient China, peace keeping force

鎮台 chindai garrison (in Meiji era) ちんだい

❺ Chinese town or township (with a population of over 50,000)

景徳鎮 keitokuchin Jingdezhen けいとくちん

INDEPENDENT

【chin 鎮】 Chinese town or township

KUN

【shizu(meru) 鎮める】

➀ quell, suppress, put down, subdue, pacify

反乱を鎮める hanran o shizumeru quell a rebellion はんらんをしずめる

② alleviate (pain), relieve, allay, soothe

傷みを鎮める itami o shizumeru alleviate the pain いたみをしずめる

【shizu(maru) 鎮まる】

➀ be quelled, be suppressed, subside, be put down

暴動が鎮まった Bōdō ga shizumatta The riot was put down ぼうどうがしずまった

② be alleviated, be relieved, be soothed

③ be enshrined

SYNONYMS

CONQUER



セイ zhēng


SUPPRESS BY ARMED FORCE



トウ うつ tǎo


weight



スイ つむ おもり chuí


HOMOPHONES

shizumeru ➳ 静 沈

shizumaru ➳ 

◍ ART RELATION ◍









George Grosz, John Heartfield, Corrected Picasso, The Happy Life (dedicated to Dr Karl Einstein) 1920
reproduction of lost photomontage appearing in the Dada Fair exhibition catalogue, New York
Elaine Lustig Cohen collection
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Daemon wrote:
slicker

(noun) A macintosh made from cotton fabric treated with oil and pigment to make it waterproof.

Synonyms: oilskin

Usage: It was pouring all day, but thanks to my new slicker, I stayed nice and dry.


Kanji of the Day



ウ は わ はね yŭ


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 124
Standard form: 羽 hane 'wing' (翰  翅)
Variant: 羽 hane (  )
Description: used in characters related to wings, feathers or related actions

Strokes 6-6-0

Frequency 725

▶FEATHER ▶WING

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] feather, plumage

羽毛 umō feathers, plumage, down うもう

三羽烏 sanbagarasu trio, triumvirate, three famous retainers さんばがらす

三羽ガラス sanbagarasu trio, triumvirate, three famous retainers さんばがらす

三羽がらす sanbagarasu trio, triumvirate, three famous retainers さんばがらす

wing (of birds or insects), ala

羽翼 uyoku wings; assistance うよく

羽化 uka emergence (of insects) うか

❸ abbrev. of 出羽 dewa, old name for west Tohoku district

奥羽 ōu Ou, old name for Tohoku district おうう

④ [rare] fifth note of the pentatonic scale

INDEPENDENT

【u 羽】 [rare] fifth note of the pentatonic scale

KUN

【ha 羽】

➀ feather, plumage

羽衣 hagoromo role of feathers はごろも

② wing, ala

羽蟻 haari winged ant はあり

羽音 haoto flapping [whirring] of wings はおと

③ used phonetically for ha

羽織 haori Japanese half coat, haori はおり

雨合羽 amagappa oilskin, slicker あまがっぱ



Pray Boo hoo! slicker Eh?


黄色い雨合羽を着ている女の子はだれですか。 Kiiroi amagappa o kite iru on'nanoko wa daredesu ka. Who's the girl in a yellow slicker? きいろいあまがっぱをきているおんなのこはだれですか。

⓸ to be cornered

切羽詰まる seppatsumaru to be at one’s wits’ end...to be cornered...to be packed to the hilt せっぱつまる

【wa 羽】 counter for birds or rabbits

一羽 ichiwa one bird [rabbit] いちわ

三羽 sanba three birds [rabbits] さんば

【hane 羽】 feather, plume; wing, ala; [also 羽根] fan, blade

羽布団 hanebuton feather quilt はねぶとん

SYNONYMS

HAIR (on the head)



ハツ かみ fà


plane



ヨウ は は yè xié


COUNTER FOR ANIMALS



ヒツ ひき pǐ


COMPOUND FORMATION

羽化 uka

羽化 ‘emergence (of insects)’ is the process of becoming transformed (化) into a winged (羽❷) creature.

HOMOPHONES

u ➳ 

NOTE

★The pronunciation of 羽 wa when used as a bird counter depends on the preceding syllable as follows: 一羽 ichiwa, 二羽 niwa, 三羽 sanba, 四羽 yonwa, 五羽 gowa, 六羽 rokuwa (=roppa), 七羽 nanawa, 八羽 hachiwa (=happa), 九羽 kyūwa, 十羽 jūwa (=jippa)

✭ ART RELATION ✭










Man Ray, Duchamp en Belle Haleine (avec chapeau de velours)
(Duchamp in “Beautiful Breath” (with velvet hat))
1921
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Daemon wrote:
transience

(noun) The attribute of being brief or fleeting.

Synonyms: brevity, briefness

Usage: The superficiality and transience of the club scene is part of its appeal for young people.


Kanji of the Day



カン みる guān guàn


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 147

Strokes 18-7-11

Frequency 450

▶VIEW

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] view, behold, look; observe, inspect

観光 kankō sightseeing かんこう

観客 kankyaku audience, spectators かんきゃく

観劇 kangeki theatergoing かんげき

観察 kansatsu observation, supervision かんさつ

観賞 kanshō admiration, enjoyment かんしょう

傍観する bōkan suru look on, sit as a spectator ぼうかんする

楽観 rakkan optimism, hopeful view らっかん

❷ⓐ view, spectacle, sight

ⓑ appearance, look, condition

景観 keikan scene, spectacle, view, sight けいかん

美観 bikan fine view, beautiful sight びかん

壮観 sōkan grand sight, magnificent view そうかん

外観 gaikan external appearance, outward show がいかん

❸ [also suffix] view, conception, outlook, theory

観点 kanten point of view かんてん

観念 kannen idea, conception, notion かんえん

主観 shukan subjectivity; subject しゅかん

先入観 sennyūkan preconception, bias, prejudice せんゆうかん

人生観 jinseikan one’s view [theory] of life, outlook on life じんせいかん

無常観 mujōkan briefness...brevity...transience むじょうかん



Pray Boo hoo! transience Eh?


無常観は機知の精髄。 Mujōkan wa kichi no seizui. Transience is the soul of wit. むじょうかんはきちのせいずい。

世界観 sekaikan world view, outlook on the world, Weltanschauung (philosophy), appearance of a world (e.g. in fiction) せかいかん

⓸ Taoist temple

道観 dōkan Taoist temple どうかん

❺ [rare] watchtower, turret

楼観 rōkan watchtower とうかん

❻ unclassified compounds

観音 kannon Avalokitesvara, Buddhist Goddess of Mercy かんおん

INDEPENDENT

【kan 観】 appearance, look, condition; Taoist temple

…の観が有る …no kan ga aru appear, look like のかんがある

【kanjiru (=kanzuru) 観じる(=観ずる)】 grasp the truth after thinking it over

KUN

【mi(ru) 観る】 [usu. 見る] view (flowers), watch (a movie), see, observe, appreciate

花を観る hana o miru view (cherry) blossoms はなをみる

SYNONYMS

view (personal opinion)



ケン みる みえる みせる jiàn xiàn


REGARD



シ shì


(beautiful) scenery



フウ フ かぜ かざ- -かぜ fēng


HOMOPHONES

miru ➳ 見 看 診

✮ ART RELATION ✮










Anonyme, Portrait de groupe au Tyrol (Tristan Tzara, Maya K., Louise Ernst, André Breton et Max Ernst) 1921
14.8 x 10.5 cm (5 13/16 x 4 1/8 in.)
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Daemon wrote:
rascal

(noun) One who is playfully mischievous..

Synonyms: scamp, imp, rapscallion, scallywag

Usage: The young rascal, being expert at a variety of feints and dodges, of which my aunt had no conception, soon went whooping away.


Kanji of the Day



ギ ゲ たわむれる xì


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 62

Strokes 15-4-11

Frequency 1531

▶SPORT

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ sport, frolic, play

ⓑ sport, fun, play, jest, joke

ⓒ play with (a woman), dally, flirt

遊戯 yūgi game, pastime, amusement ゆうぎ

嬉戯する kigi suru frisk, frolic きぎする

児戯 jigi child’s play, kid stuff じぎ

球戯 kyūgi ball game きゅうぎ

前戯 zengi foreplay ぜんぎ

❷ sportive, frolicsome, humorous

戯評 gihyō humorous [sarcastic] comments, cartoon, caricature ぎひょう

戯画 giga cartoon, comics ぎが

戯文 gibun nonsense literature, burlesque, literary parody ぎぶん

戯作者 gesakusha fiction writer, author of popular stories げさくしゃ

❸ theatrical play, performance, drama

戯曲 gikyoku drama, play ぎきょく

KUN

【tawamu(reru) 戯れる】 sport, play, frolic; joke, jest; dally, flirt

戯れ tawamure play, sport, fun, caprice; joke, jest; flirtation たわむれ

子猫がボ一ルに戯れている Koneko ga bōru ni tawamurete iru The kitten is playing with a ball こねこがぼうるにたわむれている

女と戯れる onna to tawamureru flirt with a woman おんあとたわむれる

SPECIAL READINGS

悪戯 itazura mischief...prank...practical joke いたずら

悪戯子 itazurakko scallywag, rapscallion, imp, scamp, rascal いたずらっこ



Shame on you Whistle rascal Eh?


彼をうそつきということはできようが、悪戯子とはいえない。 Kare o uso tsuki toiu koto wa dekyo uga, itazurakko to wa ie nai. You may call him a liar, but you cannot call him a rascal. かれをうそつきということはできょうが、いたずらっことはいえない。

悪戯 warujare offensive joke わるじゃれ

悪戯 akugi offensive joke あくぎ

悪戯 waruitazura offensive joke わるいたずら

悪戯 waruzare offensive joke わるざれ

SYNONYMS

PLAY



ユウ ユ あそぶ あそばす yóu


COMIC



マン màn


SPORT



ギ ゲ たわむれる たわむれ xì hū


USAGE

itazura

悪戯

mischief, prank, practical joke



uselessness, idleness

HOMOPHONES

itazura ➳ 悪戯 徒

❦ ART RELATION ❦










Hannah Höch, Untitled, 1933, collage
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Daemon wrote:
earsplitting

(adjective) Loud and shrill enough to hurt the ears.

Synonyms: deafening, thunderous

Usage: When the little boy throws a tantrum, he lets loose with the most fearful, earsplitting screams.


Kanji of the Day



カン gǎn


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 13-4-9

Frequency 267

▶SENSE ▶FEEL

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] sense, feeling, sensation, sentiment, emotion

ⓑ (faculty of perception) sense

ⓒ (detect) sense, be sensitive to

感情 kanjō feelings, emotion, sentiment かんじょう

感想 kansō thoughts, impressions かんそう

同感 dōkan same sentiment, sympathy どうかん

劣等感 rettōkan inferiority complex れっとうかん

責任感 sekininkan sense of responsibility せきにんかん

親近感 shinkinkan feeling of intimacy しんきんかん

五感 gokan the five senses ごかん

第六感 dairokkan the sixth sense, intuition だいろっかん

臨場感 rinjōkan (sense of) presence, realism, ambiance りんじょうかん

敏感な binkan na sensitive びんかんな

感光版 kankōban sensitive plate かんこうばん

感熱剤 kannetsuzai heat sensitizer かんえつざい

❷ⓐ feel, perceive

ⓑ [original meaning] feel deeply, feel admiration, be moved, be affected, be impressed

感覚 kankaku sense, sensation, feeling かんかく

感知する kanchi suru perceive, become aware of かんちする

感応作用 kannō sayō induction かんおうさよう

共感する kyōkan suru sympathize with, feel sympathy (for) きょうかんする

実感する jikkan suru feel actually; realize, experience personally じっかんする

感動する kandō suru be moved, be impressed かんどうする

感銘 kanmei deep impression かんめい

感度良好 kandoryōkō thunderous...deafening...earsplitting かんどりょうこう



Whistle Boo hoo! earsplitting Eh?


突然の感度良好雷鳴が聞こえた Totsuzen no kando ryōkō raimei ga kikoeta Suddenly I heard an earsplitting clap of thunder とつぜんのかんどうりょうこうらいめいがきこえた

感激 kangeki deep emotion かんげき

感心 kanshin admiration かんしん

❸ be affected, be influenced, be struck by, contract

感電 kanden electric shock かんでん

感染 kansen infection かんせん

流感(=流行性感冒) ryūkan (=ryūkōsei kanbō) cold, influenza りゅうかん(=りゅうこうせいかんぼう)

④ feel gratitude, thank

感謝 kansha gratitude, thanks かんしゃ

INDEPENDENT

【kan 感】 feeling, sensation, sentiment, sense, emotion; impression

隔世の感が有る kakusei no kan ga aru be poles apart かくせいのかんがある

【kanjiru (=kanzuru) 感じる(=感ずる)】 be conscious of, suffer, be sensible to, have a feeling that; be impressed, be struck

感じ kanji feeling, sense, sensation, touch, feel; impression, sentiment かんじ

SYNONYMS

EMOTION



ジョウ セイ なさけ qíng


KNOW



チ しる しらせる zhī


be moved



どう うごく うごかす dòng


HOMOPHONES

kan ➳ 

± ART RELATION ±










Ernst Linck, Sophie Taeuber and Hans Arp in front of Sophie Taeuber's puppets, 1918
Stiftung (Foundation) Hans Arp und Sophie Taeuber-Arp, e.V., Rolandseck
© 2005 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
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