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mcurrent
Posted: Tuesday, March 13, 2018 8:44:57 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/6/2013
Posts: 247
Neurons: 7,140
Hi. I've been seeing definition of "venegeance", see here vengeance.
It read

ven·geance (vĕn′jəns)
n.
Infliction of punishment in return for a wrong committed; retribution.


Can you explain to me what "committed" is meaning here? Why is it adjective instead of noun?
Think I can guess some thought: - in Russia we can instead "adjective+noun" say "adjective" without noun, and everybody understand that this adjective equals noun.
Is "committed" the same? and what noun do you have in mind with "committed"?
pjharvey
Posted: Tuesday, March 13, 2018 10:08:54 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/13/2012
Posts: 888
Neurons: 56,732
Maybe you misunderstood the meaning of "wrong" here: in this case, "wrong" is the noun and "committed" is a past participle, and together they mean "unjust act performed".
mcurrent
Posted: Tuesday, March 13, 2018 9:05:57 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/6/2013
Posts: 247
Neurons: 7,140
Thanks for reply, pjharvey.
Anyway I don't understand why adjective "wrong" stays before past participle "committed", it looks like "committed" is noun, but everybody knows it is not noun.
mcurrent
Posted: Tuesday, March 13, 2018 9:20:46 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/6/2013
Posts: 247
Neurons: 7,140
Oh, pjharvey, you've writen "wrong" is "noun"! But I was dumb to stuck to my version, now I know you are right and I am ashamed.
Romany
Posted: Wednesday, March 14, 2018 3:37:02 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 6/14/2009
Posts: 14,333
Neurons: 44,577
Location: Brighton, England, United Kingdom
mcurrent,

Learning another language is difficult and everyone makes mistakes along the way. There is no need - ever - to feel ashamed. Instead be proud that you are able to understand English...even if you make some mistakes sometimes. There are millions of people who can't speak any language other than their native tongue!
pjharvey
Posted: Wednesday, March 14, 2018 3:40:14 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/13/2012
Posts: 888
Neurons: 56,732
mcurrent wrote:
Oh, pjharvey, you've writen "wrong" is "noun"! But I was dumb to stuck to my version, now I know you are right and I am ashamed.


No need to feel ashamed: we all make mistakes Dancing
thar
Posted: Wednesday, March 14, 2018 6:26:42 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 17,686
Neurons: 71,552
Yes, since you mentioned it -

If you have committed a wrong (sinned, harmed someone) you should feel ashamed. They might even seek vengeance against you! Shame on you

But if you have got something wrong - (misunderstood, made a mistake) - then you might feel embarrassed - although of course as pj said, there is no reason to. d'oh!
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