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Kanji of the Day Options
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, September 10, 2017 10:25:55 PM

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Daemon wrote:
orifice

(noun) An opening, especially to a cavity or passage of the body; a mouth or vent.

Synonyms: opening, porta

Usage: The nose was but a gaping orifice above a deformed and twisted mouth.


Kanji of the Day



トウ すく すかす すける とうる とうす tòu


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 162

Strokes 10-3-7

Frequency 1502

▶PASS THROUGH ▶TRANSPARENT

COMPOUNDS

❶ (move through something) pass through, let through, permeate, penetrate

透過 tōka penetration, transmission とうか

透析 tōseki chem dialysis とうせき

透磁性 tōjisei magnetic permeability とうじせい

侵透 shintō permeation, penetration しんとう

❷ⓐ (allow light to pass through) be transparent, be seen through

ⓑ see through

透明な tōmei na transparent とうめいな

透視図 tōshizu perspective drawing, transparent view とうしず

透徹した tōtetsu shita lucid, clear, penetrating とうてつした

透視 tōshi seeing through, clairvoyance とうし

透察 tōsatsu insight とうさつ

透視画法 tōshigahō ( the artistic technique of ) perspective とうしがほう

KUN

【su(ku) 透く】

➀ be transparent, be seen through

見え透く miesuku be easily seen, be obvious みえすく

②ⓐ become sparse

ⓑ leave a gap

透いた枝 suita eda thinned branches すいたえだ

透き(=隙) suki gap, interval すき

透き間(=隙間) sukima porta...opening...orifice すきま



Pray Applause orifice Eh?


私たちはそのまま洞窟の透き間にボートで突っ込んで行きました。 Watashitachi wa sonomama dōkutsu no sukima ni bōto de tsukkonde ikimashita. We plunged into the cave orifice on our boat and continued on. わたしたちはそのままどうくつのすきまにぼうとでつっこんでいきました。

【su(kasu) 透かす】

➀ⓐ make transparent

ⓑ look through, peer into

透かし sukashi watermark; openwork すかし

闇を透かす yami o sukasu peer into the darkness やみをすかす

② leave a space [opening], thin (out)

透かさず sukasazu without a moment’s delay すかさず

木を透かす ki o sukasu thin trees きをすかす

③ slang break wind noiselessly

【su(keru) 透ける】 be [grow] transparent

透けるブラウス sukeru burausu sheer blouse すけるぶらうす

【tō(ru) 透る】

[also 通る]

ⓐ be transparent, be pervious to (light)

ⓑ penetrate, pierce, permeate

透り tōri penetration (as of light) とおり

光が透るカ一テン hikari ga tōru kāten curtain pervious to light ひかりがとおるかあてん

透る声 tōru koe carrying voice とおるこえ

【tō(su) 透す】 [also 通す] be transparent, be pervious to (light)

光を透す hikari o tōsu be pervious to light ひかりをとおす

SYNONYMS

CLEAR (liquid)



セイ ショウ シン きよい きよまる きよめる qǐng


CLEAR (unclouded)



メイ ミョウ ミン あかり あかるい あかるむ あからむ あきらか あける -あけ あく あくる あかす míng


CLEAR (sky)



ロウ ほがらか lǎng


USAGE

❶ suku

透く

➀ be transparent, be seen through

②ⓐ become sparse

ⓑ leave a gap

空く

become empty, become less crowded

❷ suki

透き

[also 隙] gap, interval



➀ [also 透き] gap, interval

② chance; unguarded moment

❸ sukasu

透かす

➀ⓐ make transparent

ⓑ look through, peer into

② leave a space [opening], thin(out)

③ slang break wind noiselessly

透かす

➀ feel hungry

② make available, make free

HOMOPHONES

suku ➳ 

suki ➳ 

sukasu ➳ 空 隙

tōru ➳ 

tōri ➳ 

tōsu ➳ 

♞ ART RELATION ♞










Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Costume Design: Freak. c. 1925
Crayon and watercolor, 10 x 7 ½ in.
Private collection
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, September 10, 2017 10:26:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, September 10, 2017 10:26:43 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, September 18, 2017 10:49:27 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, September 18, 2017 10:49:39 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
politic

(adjective) Smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication.

Synonyms: bland, smooth, suave

Usage: He was too politic to quarrel with so important a personage.


Kanji of the Day



カツ コツ すべる なめらか huá


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 85

Strokes 13-3-10

Frequency 1374

▶SLIDE ▶SMOOTH

COMPOUNDS

❶ slide, glide, slip

滑走する kassō suru glide, volplane; slide かっそうする

滑空機 kakkūki glider, sailplane かっくうき

滑車 kassha pulley, block, tackle かっしゃ

❷ smooth

滑脱 katsudatsu adaptation to circumstances かつだつ

滑剤 katsuzai lubricant かつざい

円滑な enkatsu na smooth, harmonious えんかつな

潤滑 junkatsu lubrication じゅんかつ

❸ speak smoothly and glibly, crack jokes

滑稽な kokkei na funny, jocular, humorous; laughable, ridiculous こっけいな

円転滑脱 entenkatsudatsu suave, smooth...bland, politic えんてんかつだつ



Pray Boo hoo! politic Eh?


このワタクシを円転滑脱と無視するとは良い度胸ですわね。 Kono wata kushi o entenkatsudatsu to mushi suru to wa yoi dokyōdesu wa ne. You cannot be too politic to ignore _me_. このわたくしをえんてんかつだつとむしするとはよいどきょうですはね。

KUN

【sube(ru) 滑る】

➀ slide, glide, skate

滑り suberi sliding, slipping すべり

滑り台 suberidai (playground) slide; launching platform すべりだい

横滑り yokosuberi skid, skidding よこすべり

② [formerly also 辷る] slip

滑り落ちる suberiochiru slip off すべりおちる

口が滑る kuchi ga suberu make a slip of the tongue くちがすべる

③ [formerly also 辷る] flunk an (entrance) examination

滑り止め suberidome tire chains; creepers; taking the entrance examination to a university as a safety measure in case one fails at other universities すべりどめ

【name(raka) 滑らか】

nameraka na 滑らかな smooth, glassy

滑らかに nameraka ni smoothly なめらかに

SPECIAL READINGS

猿滑 sarusuberi crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) さるすべり

猿滑 shibi crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) しび

猿滑り sarusuberi crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) さるすべり

SYNONYMS

SHIFT



イ うつる うつす yí


FLUENT



チョウ NAMES いたる のぶ のぶる なが とうる chàng


flowing



リュウ ル ながれる ながれ ながす -ながす liú


USAGE

suberu

滑る

➀ slide, glide, skate

② [formerly also 辷る] slip

③ [formerly also 辷る] flunk an (entrance) examination

辷る

[now usu. 滑る]

➀ slip

② flunk an (entrance) examination

HOMOPHONES

suberu ➳ 

✬ ART RELATION ✬










Man Ray, Rotative demie sphère, Photographie d'une machine construite par Marcel Duchamp prise par Man Ray à New-York
(Rotary hemisphere, Photography of a machine built by Marcel Duchamp taken by Man Ray in New York) vers 1921
20.5 x 17.6 cm (8 1/16 x 6 15/16 in.)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, September 18, 2017 10:49:55 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 03, 2017 6:09:20 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 03, 2017 6:09:35 PM

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Daemon wrote:
mantel

(noun) The protruding shelf over a fireplace.

Synonyms: chimneypiece, mantelpiece

Usage: There were also perhaps a dozen candles about, two in brass candlesticks upon the mantel and several in sconces, so that the room was brilliantly illuminated.


Kanji of the Day



ロ lú


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 86

Strokes 8-4-4

Frequency 1695

▶FURNACE

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also suffix]

ⓐ furnace, kiln

ⓑ reactor

高炉 kōro blast furnace こうろ

転炉 tenro rotary kiln てんろ

溶鉱炉 yōkōro smelting [blast] furnace ようこうろ

電気炉 denkiro electric furnace でんきろ

反射炉 hansharo reverberatory furnace はんしゃろ

乾燥炉 kansōro drying kiln かんそうろ

燃焼炉 nenshōro combustion furnace ねんしょうろ

炉心 roshin reactor core ろしん

原子炉 genshiro nuclear reactor げんしろ

軽水炉 keisuiro light-water reactor けいすいろ

❷ [original meaning] hearth, fireplace

炉端 robata fireside ろばた

炉床 roshō hearth ろしょう

暖炉 danro fireplace, stove だんろ

懐炉 kairo pocket heater かいろ

香炉 kōro incense burner こうろ

居炉裏 irori mantelpiece...chimneypiece...mantel いろり



Pray Boo hoo! mantel Eh?


私たちは居炉裏の周りに座りました Watashitachiha i rori no mawari ni suwarimashita We sat around the mantel わたしたちはいろりのまわりにすわりました

緊急炉心冷却装置 kinkyūroshinreikyakusōchi emergency core cooling system, ECCS きんきゅうろしんれいきゃくそうち

INDEPENDENT

【ro 炉】 hearth, fireplace, fire; furnace, kiln

炉を囲む ro o kakomu sit around the fire ろをかこむ

SYNONYMS

KILN



ヨウ かま yáo


shelf



ちゃだな


steam boiler



カン かま guàn


HOMOPHONES

ro ➳ 

☯ ART RELATION ☯










Der Dada, George Grosz, No. 3 (April 1920), page 4
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 03, 2017 6:09:57 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, October 06, 2017 9:06:48 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, October 06, 2017 9:07:04 PM

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Daemon wrote:
bridle

(noun) The act of restraining power or action or limiting excess.

Synonyms: check, curb

Usage: His common sense is a bridle to his quick temper.


Kanji of the Day



シ は chǐ


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 211
variant of ha 'tooth'
⇒ see for radical description

Strokes 12-12-0

Frequency 1157

▶TOOTH

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] tooth

ⓑ something resembling a tooth

歯科 shika dentistry しか

歯石 shiseki tartar (on teeth), dental calculus しせき

抜歯 basshi tooth extraction ばっし

永久歯 eikyūshi permanent tooth えいきゅうし

義歯 gishi false tooth ぎし

鋸歯 kyoshi saw tooth きょし

歯痛 shitsū toothache しつう

❷ age

年歯 nenshi age ねんし

INDEPENDENT

【shisuru 歯する】join, become a member; fall in the same line

KUN

【ha 歯】 [also prefix] tooth; (machine or tool element) tooth, cog, dent

歯磨(=歯磨き) hamigaki toothpaste; brushing one’s teeth はみがき

歯切れの良い hagire no yoi crisp; clear and crisp (in speaking); piquant (manner) はぎれのよい

歯医者 haisha dentist はいしゃ

入れ歯 ireba dentures いれば

虫歯 mushiba decayed tooth むしば

歯車 haguruma cog, toothed wheel はぐるま

歯付きベルト hatsukiberuto toothed belt はつきべると

歯止め hadome curb...check...bridle はどめ



Whistle Boo hoo! bridle Eh?


下院議員は支出に歯止めをかけると言いました Kain giin wa shishutsu ni hadome o kakeru to iimashita The Representative said he will put a bridle on spending かいんぎいんはししゅつにはどめをかけるといいました

歯痛 haita toothache はいた

SYNONYMS

❶ⓐ mouth parts

TONGUE



ゼツ した shé


LIP



シン くちびる chún


CHEEK



ケン セン レン liǎn


HOMOPHONES

shi ➳ 

❦ ART RELATION ❦










Raoul Hausmann, Carte postale à Tristan Tzara [postcard to Tristan Tzara] 3 mars (march) 1921
Berlinische Galerie, Landesmuseum für Moderne Kunst, Fotografie und Architektur, Berlin.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, October 06, 2017 9:07:20 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 09, 2017 6:29:19 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 09, 2017 6:29:34 PM

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Daemon wrote:
unfledged

(adjective) Not having the feathers necessary to fly. Used of a young bird.

Synonyms: immature

Usage: A small, unfledged sparrow sat on the window sill, where it hungrily waited for its mother and breakfast.


Kanji of the Day



シャ にる -に にえる にやす zhǔ


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 86

Strokes 12-4-8

Frequency 1229

▶BOIL

COMPOUNDS

● [original meaning] (cook by boiling) boil, cook

煮沸 shafutsu boiling しゃふつ

KUN

【ni(ru) 煮る】 vt boil, cook, do

煮込む nikomu boil well; stew, cook together にこむ

煮立つ nitatsu boil up, begin to boil にたつ

煮豆 nimame boiled (cooked) beans にまめ

【-ni -煮】 [suffix] boiled food, boiling

甘露煮 kanroni sweet boiled food かんろに

【ni(eru) 煮える】 vi boil, be boiled, be cooked

煮え切らない niekiranai half-cooked; vague, halfhearted にえきらない

生煮え namanie immature...unfledged なまにえ



Shame on you Pray unfledged Speak to the hand


生煮えな動物はすぐに新しい環境に順応する Namaniena dōbutsu wa sugu ni atarashī kankyō ni jun'nō suru Unfledged animals adapt quickly to a new environment なまにえなどうぶつはすぐにあたらしいかんきょうにじゅんのうする

煮え湯 nieyu boiling water にえゆ

煮え湯を飲まされる nieyu o nomasareru be betrayed にえゆをのまされる

【ni(yasu) 煮やす】 vt boil down, wear out

業を煮やす gō o niyasu be exasperated, lose one’s temper ごうをにやす

SYNONYMS

BOIL (undergo boiling)



フツ わく わかす fèi


COOK



スイ たく -だき chuī


STEAM



ジョウ せい むす むれる むらす zhēng


HOMOPHONES

sha ➳ 

☩ ART RELATION ☩










Raoul Hausmann, Autoportrait (Self portrait), Autoportrait, 1931
Epreuve gélatino-argentique (Gelatin Silver Proof) 21.5 x 30.5 cm
Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 09, 2017 6:29:52 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 12, 2017 6:57:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 12, 2017 6:57:47 PM

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Daemon wrote:
meritorious

(adjective) Deserving reward or praise.

Synonyms: meritable

Usage: He carried himself with pride, as though, forsooth, he had achieved a deed praiseworthy and meritorious.


Kanji of the Day



トク dé


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 60

Strokes 14-3-11

Frequency 844

▶VIRTUE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (moral excellence) virtue, morality

ⓑ (act of moral excellence) virtue, virtuous deed

徳行 tokkō virtuous deeds, goodness とっこう

徳義 tokugi morality, sincerity とくぎ

道徳 dōtoku morality, morals どうとく

悪徳 akutoku vice, corruption, immorality あくとく

公徳 kōtoku public morality こうとく

美徳 bitoku virtue, good deed びとく

偉徳 itoku outstanding virtue いとく

威徳 itoku virtue and influence, virtue and authority いとく

遺徳 itoku benefit from ancestors’ virtue いとく

一徳 ittoku virtue いっとく

陰徳 intoku secret charity いんとく

❷ act of kindness, favor, favour

徳択 tokutaku grace, blessing とくたく

徳政 tokusei benevolent administration とくせい

報徳 hōtoku requital of a person's kindness ほうとく

❸ⓐ profit, winnings

ⓑ benefits

徳用な tokuyō na economical とくような

徳分 tokubun profits, winnings とくぶん

余徳 yotoku benefits (that descend to posterity of a man of great virtue) よとく

INDEPENDENT

【toku 徳】 (moral excellence) virtue, morality; (act of moral excellence) virtue, virtuous act; power of commending love and respect; benefits

徳の高い toku no takai meritable...meritorious とくのたかい



Pray Applause meritorious Eh?


浅学な人ほど自分が徳の高いと思っている典型ですね。 Sengakuna hito hodo jibun ga tokunotakai to omotte iru tenkeidesu ne. He's a meritorious case that the more ignorant people are the more sure they are that they are correct. せんがくなひとほどじぶんがとくのたかいとおもっているてんけいですね。

徳を行う toku o okonau practice virtue とくをおこなう

SYNONYMS

the way of moral conduct



ドウ トウ みち dào


GOOD



ゼン よい shàn


RIGHTEOUSNESS



ギ yì


HOMOPHONES

toku ➳ 都区

✡ ART RELATION ✡










Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 12, 2017 6:58:00 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 15, 2017 5:50:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 15, 2017 5:50:59 PM

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Daemon wrote:
frisson

(noun) A moment of intense excitement.

Synonyms: chill, quiver, shiver, shudder, thrill, tingle

Usage: The story's ending arouses a frisson of terror.


Kanji of the Day



フ こわい こわがる おじる bù


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 8-3-5

Frequency 1511

▶FEARFUL

COMPOUNDS

● [original meaning] fear, be afraid of

畏怖 ifu awe, fear, dread, fright いふ

恐怖 kyōfu fear きょうふ

閉所恐怖症 heishokyōfushō claustrophobia へいしょきょうふしょう

閉所恐怖症 heijokyōfushō claustrophobia へいじょきょうふしょう

赤面恐怖症 sekimenkyōfushō erythrophobia...fear of blushing せきめんきょうふしょう

KUN

【kowa(i) 怖い】 [also 恐い] fearful, scary, uncanny; be afraid

怖さ kowasa fear, dreadfulness こわさ

怖怖 kowagowa timidly, gingerly こわごわ

怖い顔 kowai kao angry look, grim face こわいかお

犬が怖い inu ga kowai be afraid of dogs いぬがこわい

【kowa(garu) 怖がる】 [also 恐がる] be afraid of, be frightened

怖がり kowagari timidity; coward こわがり

【o(jiru) 怖じる】 be frightened, be scared

怖じ気 ojike tingle, thrill, shudder, shiver, quiver, chill, frisson おじけ



Pray Boo hoo! frisson Eh?


彼女は怖じ気を防ぐために厚いコートを着ていた。 Kanojo wa ojike o fusegu tame ni atsui kōto o kiteita. She was wearing a heavy coat to protect against the frisson. かのじょはおじけをふせぐためにあついこうとをきていた。

物怖じ monooji timidity ものおじ

SYNONYMS

FEAR



キョウ おそれる おそる 恐ろしいこわい こわがる kǒng


QUIVER



ジン ニン サ サイ サツ うつぼ しなやか ゆぎ rèn


SHIVER



シン ふるう ふるえる zhèn


USAGE

❶ kowai

怖い

[also 恐い] fearful, scary, uncanny; be afraid

恐い

[also 怖い] same as 怖い

強い

tough, hard, stiff

❷ kowagaru

怖がる

[also 恐がる] be afraid of, be frightened

恐がる

[also 怖がる] same as 怖がる

HOMOPHONES

kowai ➳ 恐 強

kowagaru ➳ 

۞ ART RELATION ۞










Hannah Höch, Self-Portrait, c.1926
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 15, 2017 5:51:22 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 5:56:36 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 5:56:50 PM

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Daemon wrote:
unstudied

(adjective) Not contrived for effect; natural.

Synonyms: uncontrived

Usage: She walked with an unstudied grace that the other models envied and imitated.


Kanji of the Day



シャ shè


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 9

Strokes 8-2-6

Frequency 1009

▶BUILDING

COMPOUNDS

❶ building, house, quarter, hut

駅舎 ekisha station building えきしゃ

校舎 kōsha school building こうしゃ

庁舎 chōsha government building ちょうしゃ

鶏舎 keisha henhouse けいしゃ

幄舎 akusha pavilion あくしゃ

厩舎 kyūsha barn, stable きゅうしゃ

廐舎 kyūsha barn, stable きゅうしゃ

廏舎 kyūsha barn, stable きゅうしゃ

きゅう舎 kyūsha barn, stable きゅうしゃ

❷ temporary quarters, dormitory, lodging house, inn

舎監 shakan dormitory inspector [superintendent] しゃかん

兵舎 heisha barracks へいしゃ

宿舎 shukusha lodgings, quarters しゅくしゃ

客舎 kyakusha hotel, inn きゃくしゃ

寄宿舎 kishukusha dormitory, boarding house; hostel きしゅくしゃ

❸ [humble] my

舎弟 shatei my younger brother しゃてい

④ unit of distance in ancient China equiv. to 30 ri (里)

三舎を避ける sansha o sakeru be put to shame, be outshone さんしゃをさける

❺ used phonetically for sha or sei

舎利 shari Buddha's bones, sarira; remains, ashes しゃり

INDEPENDENT

【sha 舎】 dormitory, boarding house

SPECIAL READINGS

田舎 inaka country, rural district いなか

田舎臭い inakakusai uncontrived...unstudied いなかくさい



Pray Boo hoo! unstudied Speak to the hand


彼の服装いつも田舎臭い。 Kare no fukusō itsumo inakakusai. His clothes are always unstudied. かれのふくそういつもいなかくさい。

SYNONYMS

PUBLIC BUILDING



カン やかた たて guǎn


lodging



シュク やど やどる やどす sù xiŭ xiù


INN



テイ チン tíng


HOMOPHONES

sha ➳ 

▓ ART RELATION ▓










Otto Dix, Mary, 1920,
Pencil on paper, 42.7 x 33.1 cm
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 5:57:10 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 6:59:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 7:00:07 PM

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Daemon wrote:
fixity

(noun) The quality of being incapable of mutation.

Synonyms: immutability

Usage: Darwin challenged the fixity of species with his theory of evolution.


Kanji of the Day



ゾウ つくる つくり -ずくり zào


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 162

Strokes 10-3-7

Frequency 478

▶MAKE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ make, produce, manufacture, shape, coin

ⓑ build (various structures as building or ships), construct

造血 zōketsu blood making, hematosis ぞうけつ

造花 zōka artificial flower; artificial flower making ぞうか

造形(=造型) zōkei molding, modeling ぞうけい

造幣 zōhei coinage, mintage ぞうへい

製造 seizō production, manufacture せいぞう

改造 kaizō remodeling; reorganization かいぞう

構造 kōzō structure, construction, framework こうぞう

創造 sōzō creation そうぞう

酒造 shuzō sake brewing; distilling しゅぞう

造幣局 zōheikyoku mint bureau, mint ぞうへいきょく

造船 zōsen shipbuilding ぞうせん

造成する zōsei suru create, clear, reclaim ぞうせいする

築造 chikuzō building, construction ちくぞう

❷ suffix indicating material composition

木造の mokuzō no wooden もくぞうの

石造の sekizō no stone-built せきぞうの

❸ reach, attain

造詣 zōkei attainments, scholarship ぞうけい

④ fleeting

造次 zōji moment, very short time ぞうじ

KUN

【tsuku(ru) 造る】

➀ⓐ make (as an object that requires time and skill), manufacture, fabricate, fashion

ⓑ build (ships or buildings), construct

船を造る fune o tsukuru build a ship ふねをつくる

② make (wine), brew

酒造り sakezukuri sake brewing さけずくり

③ coin, mint

新語を造る shingo o tsukuru coin a new word しんごをつくる

【tsuku(ri) 造り】

ⓐ making, building, constructing (as buildings or ships)

ⓑ make, structure, construction

造り付け tsukuritsuke immutability...fixity つくりつけ



Pray Boo hoo! fixity Eh?


仕事をしているというよりかは、ただ造り付けって感じ。 Shigoto o shite iru to iu yori ka wa, tada tsukuri-tsuke tte kanji. Instead of being here to work, he's simply a fixity here. しごとをしているというよりかは、ただつくりつけってかんじ。

造り付けの tsukuritsuke no built-in つくりつけの

造りの頑丈な家 tsukuri no ganjō na ie house of solid structure つくりのがんじょうないえ

【-zuku(ri) -造り】

[also suffix]

ⓐ make, structure; style of building

ⓑ building, constructing, developing

防火造り bōkazukuri fireproof construction ぼうかずくり

数寄屋造り(=数奇屋造り) sukiyazukuri sukiya style of building, style of a tea-ceremony arbor すきやずくり

別荘地造り bessōchizukuri developing a villa site べっそうちずくり

SYNONYMS

BUILD (a building)



ケン コン たてる たて -だて たつ jiàn


CONSTRUCT



ヒク きずく zhù zhú


structure



コウ かまえる かまう gòu


HOMOPHONES

tsukuru ➳ 作 創

tsukuri ➳ 

-zukuri ➳ 

▤ ART RELATION ▤










Man Ray, Tonsure, Marcel Duchamp, photo, 1919
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 30, 2017 6:08:29 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, October 30, 2017 6:09:04 PM

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Daemon wrote:
unprejudiced

(adjective) Free from undue bias or preconceived opinions.

Synonyms: impartial

Usage: I claim to be an absolutely unprejudiced witness.


Kanji of the Day



ハ pài


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 85

Strokes 9-3-6

Frequency 251

▶SECT ▶DISPATCH

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] sect, faction, party; school; clique, group

ⓑ religious sect, denomination

派閥 habatsu clique, faction, coterie はばつ

一派 ippa sect, denomination; school; party いっぱ

党派 tōha party, faction, clique とうは

左派 saha left wing, left faction さは

流派 ryūha school りゅうは

学派 gakuha school, sect がくは

古典派 kotenha the classical school こてんは

超党派 chōtōha impartial...unprejudiced ちょうとうは



Pray Anxious unprejudiced Speak to the hand


法が常に超党派であるとは限らない。 Hō ga tsuneni chōtōhadearu to wa kagiranai. The law is not always unprejudiced. ほうがつねにちょうとうはであるとはかぎらない。

田中派 tanakaha Tanaka faction たなかは

宗派 shūha religious sect, denomination しゅうは

真宗大谷派 shinshū ōtani-ha Otani sect of Shinshu しんしゅうおおたには

派出所 hashutsujo local police station はしゅつじょ

派出所 hashutsusho local police station はしゅつしょ

主流派 shuryuuha main faction しゅりゅうは

同派 dōha same sect, same faction どうは

❷ⓐ branch off, diverge, derive

ⓑ [original meaning] branch, offshoot

派生する hasei suru derive from, stem from はせいする

分派 bunpa branch, sect, denomination ぶんぱ

❸ dispatch, send

派出する hashutsu suru send out, dispatch はしゅつする

派米する habei suru dispatch to the U.S. はべいする

派遣する haken suru dispatch, send はけんする

派兵 hahei dispatch of troops はへい

特派員 tokuhain special correspondent; delegate とくはいん

④ unclassified compounds

派手な hade na showy, flashy, gaudy はでな

立派な rippa na fine, excellent, admirable りっぱな

INDEPENDENT

【ha 派】 sect, faction; group

彼の派 kare no ha his sect [faction] かれのは

【hasuru 派する】 send, dispatch

SYNONYMS

SEND IN



トウ なげる -なげ tóu


SEND



ソウ おくる sòng


send round



カイ ェ まわる -まわる -まわり まわす -まわす まわし- -まわし huí


HOMOPHONES

ha ➳ 

♚ ART RELATION ♚










Max Ernst, The Punching Ball ou l’Immortalité de Buonarotti (The Punching Ball or the Immortality of Buonarroti) 1920
Photomontage, gouache, et encre sur photographie (Photomontage, gouache, and ink on photograph)
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, November 04, 2017 8:35:21 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, November 04, 2017 8:35:52 PM

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Daemon wrote:
condescension

(noun) A communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient.

Synonyms: disdain, patronage

Usage: Natasha did not like the visitor's tone of condescension to childish things.


Kanji of the Day



カン gǎn


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 13-4-9

Frequency 267

▶SENSE ▶FEEL

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] sense, feeling, sensation, sentiment, emotion

ⓑ (faculty of perception) sense

ⓒ (direct) sense, be sensitive to

感情 kanjō feelings, emotion, sentiment かんじょう

感想 kansō thoughts, impressions かんそう

同感 dōkan same sentiment, sympathy どうかん

劣等感 rettōkan inferiority complex れっとうかん

責任感 sekininkan sense of responsibility せきにんかん

親近感 shinkinkan sense of responsibility せきにんかん

親近感 shinkinkan feeling of intimacy しんきんかん

五感 gokan the five senses ごかん

第六感 dairokkan the sixth sense, intuition だいろっかん

優越感 yūetsukan patronage...disdain...condescension ゆうえつかん



Pray Boo hoo! condescension Eh?


金持ちは人を優越感したがる。 Kanemochi ha hito o yūetsukan shitagaru. The rich are apt to have condescension on people. かねもちはひとをゆうえつかんしたがる。

敏感な binkan na sensitive びんかんな

感光版 kankōban sensitive plate かんこうばん

感熱剤 kannetsuzai heat sensitizer かんえつざい

❷ⓐ feel, perceive

ⓑ [original meaning] feel deeply, feel admiration, be moved, be affected, be impressed

感覚 kankaku sense, sensation, feeling かんかく

感知する kanchi suru perceive, become aware of かんちする

感応作用 kannō sayō induction かんおうさよう

共感する kyōkan suru sympathize with, feel sympathy (for) きょうかんする

実感する jikkan suru feel actually, realize, experience personally じっかんする

無力感 muryokukan sense of helplessness, feeling of powerlessness むりょくかん

臨場感 rinjōkan (sense of) presence, realism, ambiance りんじょうかん

感動する kandō suru be moved, be impressed かんどうする

感銘 kanmei deep impression かんめい

感激 kangeki deep emotion かんげき

感心 kanshin admiration かんしん

❸ be affected, be influenced, be struck by, contract

感電 kanden electric shock かんでん

感染 kansen infection かんせん

流感(=流行性感冒) ryūkan (=ryūkōsei kanbō) cold, influenza りゅうかん(=りゅうこうせいかんぼう)

④ feel gratitude, thank

感謝 kansha gratitude, thanks かんしゃ

INDEPENDENT

【kan 感】 feeling, sensation, sentiment, sense, emotion; impression

隔世の感が有る kakusei no kan ga aru be poles apart かくせいのかんがある

【kanjiru (=kanzuru) 感じる(=感ずる)】 be conscious of, suffer, be sensible to, have a feeling that; be impressed, be struck

感じ kanji feeling, sense, sensation, touch, feel; impression, sentiment かんじ

SYNONYMS

HEART



シン こころ -ごころ xǐn


detect



ケン jiǎn


RECOGNIZE



ニン みとめる rèn


HOMOPHONES

kan ➳ 

❡ ART RELATION ❡










Hans Richter, Raoul Hausmann, 1915
Ink on paper, 11 ¾ x 8 ½" (29.8 x 21.6 cm)
Gift of Celeste G. Bartos. © 2012 Hans Richter
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
rattlebrained

(adjective) Giddy and talkative; foolish.

Synonyms: rattlepated, scatterbrained, scatty

Usage: Grandpa's rattlebrained, crackpot ideas always made us laugh.


Kanji of the Day



バ マ うま うま- ま mǎ


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 187
Standard form: 馬 uma 'horse'
Left variant: 🏇 umahen
Description: used in characters related to horses or their qualities

Strokes 10-10-0

Frequency 531

▶HORSE

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also suffix] [original meaning] horse

馬車 basha horse-drawn carriage, coach, wagon ばしゃ

馬力 bariki horsepower; energy, effort; cart, wagon ばりき

馬身 bashin horse's length ばしん

馬肉 baniku horsemeat ばにく

乗馬 jōba horse riding じょうば

競馬 keiba horse racing けいば

竹馬の友 chikuba no tomo childhood friend, old playmate ちくばのとも

関西馬 kansaiba Kansai horse かんさいば

❷ name of chess piece in shogi (Japanese chess): keima, knight; narikaku, promoted bishop

桂馬 keima keima, knight けいま

竜馬 ryūme narikaku, promoted bishop りゅうめ

❸ candidate (for an election)

出馬する shutsuba suru come forward as a candidate; go in person しゅつばする

有力馬 yūryokuba hopeful [promising, strong] candidate ゆうりょくば

④ used phonetically for ba or ma

馬鹿 baka fool, blockhead; nonsense ばか

馬く maruku (Deutsche) mark ㍆

馬鹿馬鹿しい bakabakashī scatty, scatterbrained, rattlepated, rattlebrained ばかばかしい



Pray Applause rattlebrained Eh?


彼の話は馬鹿馬鹿しいと言ってもいいくらいだった。 Kare no hanashi wa bakabakashī to itte mo ī kuraidatta. His speech verged on the rattlebrained. かれのはなしはばかばかしいといってもいいくらいだった。

巴奈馬 panama...Panama ぱなま

KUN

【uma 馬】

➀ⓐ horse, pony

ⓑ vaulting horse

馬が合う uma ga au get on well (with a person) うまがあう

勝馬 kachiuma winning horse かちうま

竹馬 takeuma (=chikuba) stilts たけうま

keima, narikaku (shogi chess pieces) (⇒❷)

③ stepping ladder

④ person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment

付け馬 tsukeuma person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment つけうま

【uma- 馬-】 the larger of a species of animals or plants

馬蝿 umabae horse botfly うまばえ

【ma 馬】 [in compounds] horse

馬子 mago packhorse driver まご

絵馬 ema votive picture of a horse えま

SYNONYMS

FLEET STEED



シュン スン NAMES する とし はやし jùn


HORSE (elegant)



ク こま jū


the Horse



ゴ うま wǔ


USAGE

uma



➀ⓐ horse, pony

ⓑ vaulting horse

keima, narikaku (shogi chess pieces)

③ stepping ladder

④ person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment



seventh sign of the Oriental zodiac: the Horse

HOMOPHONES

uma ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

馬鹿 baka

馬鹿 ‘fool, blockhead; nonsense’ is a unrelated to its constituent elements of 馬 ④ ‘horse’ and 鹿 ‘deer’, but is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word moha ‘ignorance’.

♜ ART RELATION ♜










Catherine Wermester, Grosz, L'homme le plus triste d'Europe, Ed. Allia
Pour les francophones : c'est un fantastique et brillant ouvrage consacré à la vie et l'oeuvre de George Grosz!
(The saddest man in Europe, Ed. Allia
For francophones: it is a fantastic and brilliant book dedicated to the life and work of George Grosz!)
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